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Post at: Sep 25 2021

SAMARTH Udyog Bharat 4.0

Recent Context 

  • On August 24, 2021 Central Manufacturing Technology Institute (CMTI) Bangalore, under the SAMARTH  Udyog Bharat 4.0 Platform of Ministry of Heavy Industries organized a webinar on “Expert Talks from Samarth Udyog Centres” to celebrate the  Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav. 
  • The objective of this Virtual Seminar was to listen from the experts of the Samarth Udyog Centres on the indigenous technology developments & the ways for collaborations in domain of Smart Manufacturing & Industry 4.0. 

Key Points
SAMARTH Udyog Bharat 4.0- 

  • SAMARTH(Smart Advanced Manufacturing and Rapid Transformation Hub) Udyog Bharat 4.0 is an Industry 4.0 initiative of Department of Heavy Industry, Ministry of Heavy Industry & Public Enterprises, Government of India under its scheme on Enhancement of Competitiveness in Indian Capital Goods Sector.
  • SAMARTH Udyog encompasses manufacturers, vendors and customers as the main stakeholders. 
  • The experiential and demonstration centres for Industry 4.0 have been proposed to spread awareness about 4.0 amongst the Indian manufacturing industries.
  • Five centres of Industry 4.0 having a unique identity for spreading awareness and branding have been sanctioned under SAMARTH Udyog.

  • It is emphasized that these centres would have resource sharing, common platform of industry 4.0 and network each other’s resources so that the utilization of resources is maximised.

Featured of SUB 4.0-


  • To facilitate and create eco system for propagation of Industry 4.0 set of technologies in every Indian manufacturing by 2025, be it MNC, large, medium or small scale Indian company.

Industry 4.0- 

  • Industry 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution, which is the cyber-physical transformation of manufacturing. 
  • Industry 4.0 has been defined as “a name for the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies, including cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things, cloud computing and cognitive computing and creating the smart factory.

Benefits of Industry 4.0- 

  • Industry 4.0 creates a "smart factory" within which the cyber-physical systems monitor physical processes, create a virtual copy of the physical world and make decentralized decisions. 
  • Over the Internet of Things, cyber-physical systems communicate and cooperate with each other and with humans in real time.
  • Industry 4.0 enables minimising wasteful processes and actions and optimizing use of energy and other inputs. 

Challenges of Industry 4.0- 

  • The lack of unified leadership across the unit coordination is a major setback for a company to harness the benefits of Industry 4.0. 
  • Any kind of technological advancement in the production unit needs a unified approval from C level executives.
  • When people choose a third-party vendor, the hosting of a vast amount of data generated by the IoT sensors raises data ownership concerns.
  • Most companies lack courage to launch a radical digitalization plan. 
  • Lack of in-house talent to support the digital development hinders the deployment of industry 4.0 initiatives.
  • Production facilities are chaotic in nature. 
  • It is not necessary to have compatibility with every device and machine on the supply chain. This incompatibility impedes data integration.
  • Cyber-attacks are the biggest threat for IoT devices. It is accelerating at an unprecedented rate.


  • Industry 4.0 emerges from the overlap of development of various technologies. This new paradigm, that faces the  challenge  of  being extremely automated and cost effective, as  well  as producing custom merchandise in  an exceedingly production setting,  has  the  potential to change the  role  of ancient assembly  lines  by modifying the way products are produced and services offered.




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