- The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has released a report in August 2021 titled as - “Impact of Exemption under Article 15 (5) with regards to Article 21A of the Constitution of India on Education of Children in Minority Communities’’.
- The report was prepared by NCPCR after conducting a Nationwide Assessment of Minority Schools.
Aims and Objectives of the Report
- The study by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights was aimed at finding ways to ensure that children from minority communities get quality elementary education, as guaranteed by their fundamental rights within these minority institutions.
- Also, it was aimed to assess how the 93rd Amendment, which exempts minority institutions from the otherwise mandatory provisions of Right to Education, has affected children belonging to minority communities and whether there has been a gap.
Findings and Outcome of the report
- According to the NCPCR report, only 8.76 per cent of the students in minority schools belong to socially and economically disadvantaged background.Overall, 62.5% of the students in these schools belonged to non-minority communities.
- It was also found that the largest number of out-of-school children – at 1.1 crore – belonged to the Muslim community.
State wise Disproportions Representation
- In West Bengal, 92.47% of the minority population is of Muslims and 2.47% are Christians.
- On the contrary, there are 114 Christian minority schools and only two schools with Muslim minority status.
- Similarly, in Uttar Pradesh, though the Christian population is less than 1% there are 197 Christian minority schools in the state.
- This disproportion takes away the core objective of establishing minority educational institutions.
Religion-wise breakup of the schools
- Giving a religion-wise breakup of the schools, Christians comprise 11.54 per cent of India’s minority population, they run 71.96 per cent of schools, and Muslims with 69.18 per cent minority population run 22.75 per cent of the schools.
- Sikhs comprise 9.78 per cent of the minority population and run 1.54 per cent of schools, Buddhists with 3.83 per cent minority population run 0.48 per cent of schools, and Jains with 1.9 per cent minority population run 1.56 per cent of schools.
Kinds of Madrasas and Disproportionation
- According to the NCPCR, the Sachar Committee report 2005, which says 4% of Muslim children (15.3 lakh) attend madrasas, has only taken into account the registered madrasas.
- Further, the syllabi of madrasas, that have evolved over centuries, are not uniform, and that “being left ignorant of the world around them”.It also says that madrasas do not have any teachers training programmes.
- It has been recommended to the government to bring all minority schools, including Madrasas under the purview of the Right to Education and SarvaShikshaAbhiyan campaign.
- The NCPCR also backed reservations for students from minority communities in such schools.
- There is a need to lay down specific guidelines regarding the minimum percentage of students from the minority community to be admitted to the institution.