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Post at: Sep 07 2021

PERMANENT FORUM OF PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT

Why in News?

  • The UN General assembly approved a resolution. establishing a permanent forum of people of African Descent to provide expert advice on addressing challenges of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and intolerance.
  • The resolution adopted by consensus by 193 member world body.

About Forum

  • The forum focuses on the themes of recognition, justice and development
  • It will serve as "a platform for improving the safety and quality of life and livelihoods of people of African descent and their full inclusion in the societies where they live.
  • The forum's establishment comes during the International Decade for People of African Descent, established by General assembly which began on January 1st, 2015 and ends on December 31, 2024.
  • The new body's creation comes ahead of 20th anniversary of controversial September 2001. UN world conference against Racism in Durban, South Africa.

Function

  • To ensure the full 'political, economic and Social inclusion of people of African Descent.
  • Providing recommendations on addressing racism to Geneva-based Human Rights Council. the general Assembly's main committees and UN agencies. 
  • The Assembly said, "all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and have the potential to contribute constructively to development and well-being of their societies.
  • So any doctrine of racial superiority is scientifically false, morally condemnable, socially unjust and dangerous and must be rejected together with theories that attempt to determine the existence of separate human races.

About Racism

  • Racism, also called racialism is the belief that humans may be divided into separate and exclusive biological entities called races.
  • The term is also applied to political, economic or legal institutions and systems that engage in or perpetuate discrimination on the basis of race or otherwise reinforce racial inequalities in wealth and income, education, healthcare, civil rights and other areas.
  • Durban declaration and programme of Action (2001) adopted by world conference against Racism, Racial discrimination, Xenophobia and related intalerance.
  • Every year 21st March is observed as International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. 
  • Provision Against Racial discrimination in India 
  • Article-15. Article-16 and Article-29 of the constitution of India prohibit discrimination on grounds of race.
  • Section 153 A of IPC also refer to race.
  • India also ratified the International Convention of elimination  of  All  forms of Racial Discrimination in  1968. 

People of African Descent

  • There are around 200 million people identifying themselves as being of African descent live in the Americans.
  • Many million more African descent live in other part  of the world, outside of the Africa.

Way Forward -

  • Through new approaches to international dialogue and learning, youth and communities can be equipped with skills to eradicate harmful stereotypes and foster tolerance. 
  • A global culture of tolerance equality and anti-discrimination should be built first and foremost in the minds of women and men.

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