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Post at: Sep 07 2021

India assumes UNSC PreSidency

Why in News?

  • On August 1st, 2021 India took over from France to assume the presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the month of August.

More on News

  • The presidency of the council is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the english alphabetical order of the member states names.
  • This is India's first presidency in the UNSC during its 2021-22 tenure as a non-permanent member of the UNSC.
  • This is the 8th tenure as non-permanent member in the UNSC.
  • The head of the country's delegation is known as the President of the UNSC.

About UNSC

  • The UN Charter established the six main organs of the United Nation including the UNSC.
  • It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the security council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.
  • The council is composed of 15 members : Five permanent members (China, France, USA, UK and Russia), and ten non-permanent members elected for two year terms by the General Assembly.

Why India Should be Given a Permanent Seat in the Council ?

  • India is the founding member of the U.N. also India has been a relableally in each major initiatives prounded by the UN like Sustainable Development Goals, Millenium Development Goals etc.
  • India is the second largest and one of the largest contributor of troops to UN peace keeping missions.
  • More than 2,00,000 Indians have served in 49 of the 71 UN peace keeping missions established around the world since 1948.
  • India being the largest democracy and second most populous country in the owrld, makes India's inclusion must. it would make UN more inclusive and demoratic.
  • In its current form, UNSC does not represent  the geo-political realities of the 21st century.
  • When the UN was established in 1945, there were 51 Member States. Now, there are 193 Member States, nearly four times the original number.
  • In comparison, the size of the Security Council membership increased once in 1965, from 11 to 15 members, through an increase in the number of non-permanent seats.
  • The Asia-Pacific Group holds 54 Member States in the UN, with more than half of the world’s population. Despite its considerable growth, Asia is currently represented in the Council by a number equivalent to only one-fifth of the Member States (China and two non-permanent members).
  • Africa also accounts for more than one-fourth of the Member States. However, there is no permanent seat for Africa and only three non-permanent seats.
  • The realities of the twenty-first century world urgently require a reformed and expanded United Nations Security Council, particularly righting the historical injustice of Africa’s exclusion from permanent seats. 

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