On August 1st, 2021 India took over from France to assume the presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the month of August.
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The presidency of the council is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the english alphabetical order of the member states names.
This is India's first presidency in the UNSC during its 2021-22 tenure as a non-permanent member of the UNSC.
This is the 8th tenure as non-permanent member in the UNSC.
The head of the country's delegation is known as the President of the UNSC.
The UN Charter established the six main organs of the United Nation including the UNSC.
It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the security council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.
The council is composed of 15 members : Five permanent members (China, France, USA, UK and Russia), and ten non-permanent members elected for two year terms by the General Assembly.
Why India Should be Given a Permanent Seat in the Council ?
India is the founding member of the U.N. also India has been a relableally in each major initiatives prounded by the UN like Sustainable Development Goals, Millenium Development Goals etc.
India is the second largest and one of the largest contributor of troops to UN peace keeping missions.
More than 2,00,000 Indians have served in 49 of the 71 UN peace keeping missions established around the world since 1948.
India being the largest democracy and second most populous country in the owrld, makes India's inclusion must. it would make UN more inclusive and demoratic.
In its current form, UNSC does not represent the geo-political realities of the 21st century.
When the UN was established in 1945, there were 51 Member States. Now, there are 193 Member States, nearly four times the original number.
In comparison, the size of the Security Council membership increased once in 1965, from 11 to 15 members, through an increase in the number of non-permanent seats.
The Asia-Pacific Group holds 54 Member States in the UN, with more than half of the world’s population. Despite its considerable growth, Asia is currently represented in the Council by a number equivalent to only one-fifth of the Member States (China and two non-permanent members).
Africa also accounts for more than one-fourth of the Member States. However, there is no permanent seat for Africa and only three non-permanent seats.
The realities of the twenty-first century world urgently require a reformed and expanded United Nations Security Council, particularly righting the historical injustice of Africa’s exclusion from permanent seats.