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Post at: Sep 06 2021

TAPAS Initiative

Recent Context 

Union Ministryof Social Justice and Empowerment on August 14, 2021 launched an online portal TAPAS (Training for Augmenting Productivity and Services), jointly developed by the National Institute of Social Defence, and the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Ministers of State (MoS)


  • TAPAS facilitates access to lectures by subject experts, study material and more in a manner that supplements the physical classroom without compromising on the quality of teaching.
  • It also includes discussion forums to support and encourage interactions among students and course coordinators.
  • Objective of TAPAS
    • The main objective of introducing the course modules is to impart training and enhance the knowledge and skills for the capacity building of the participants.
  • Courses offered by TAPAS
    • The five basic courses are on Drug (Substance) Abuse Prevention, Geriatric/Elderly Care, Care and Management of Dementia, Transgender Issues and on the comprehensive course on Social Defence Issues.
  • It can be taken up by anyone who wishes to enhance his or her knowledge on the topics and there is no fee for joining.
  • It is a standard MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) platform with course material such as filmed lectures and e-study material.

​​​​​​​Scope of Digital learning in India

  • The digital-learning market that stood at $247 million in 2016 is now expected to reach $1.96 billion by the end of 2021 with a CAGR of 52%.
  • Even though the e-learning market was already evolving rapidly, the intervention of the Covid-19 pandemic has added fuel to the fire. With schools, colleges, and other educational institutions shut down to prevent any outbreaks, online learning has emerged as the primary teaching platform.

Challenges for Digital learning in India 

  • The biggest challenge for the e-learning industry in India is the lack of technological penetration in rural areas. Given that most of our population (about 65.53%) resides in rural areas, this is a serious issue that needs to be tackled.
  • The government has launched several initiatives to fast track technological development of Indian villages and these initiatives may bridge the gap between urban and rural education.

Different Digital Learning Initiatives of Government of India

With the internet penetration rate estimated to reach above 55 per cent by the end of 2025 in India, digitisation of education remains one of the topmost priorities of our government.

  • SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds): Under the ‘Digital India’Government of India has embarked on a major initiative called SWAYAM, to provide an integrated platform and portal for online.
  • SWAYAM PRABHA: The SWAYAM PRABHA is a group of 32 DTH channels devoted to telecasting of high-quality educational programmes on 24X7 basis using the GSAT-15 satellite.
  • Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN): Govt. of India approved GIAN in Higher Education aimed at tapping the talent pool of scientists and entrepreneurs, internationally to encourage their engagement with the institutes of Higher Education in India.
  • IMPRINT- (IMPacting Research INnovation and Technology): It is the first of its kind MHRD supported Pan-IIT + IISc joint initiative to address the major science and engineering challenges that India must address and champion to enable, empower and embolden the nation for inclusive growth and self-reliance.


Digital learning has shown tremendous potential towards transforming the education industry in the country. With the emergence of new e-learning platforms and the growing competitiveness among them, we may see better content, better tools, and better teaching strategies shortly. 

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