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Post at: Aug 19 2021


Recent Context

  • On June 14, 2021 the 31st formal meeting of the heads of government of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was held in Brussels, Belgium.
  • NATO leaders discussed a wide range of issue at the 2021 Brussels Summit, including the main theme of the NATO 2030 initiative to how to reinforce the Alliance’s unity, broaden its approach to security and contribute to safeguarding the rules-based international order.

Key outcomes of NATO Summit, 2021

About NATO

  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is an inter-governmental military alliance between 30 European and North American countries.
  • NATO was formed by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) on 4th April, 1949.
  • The headquarters of NATO is located in Brussels, Belgium.

What does NATO do?

  • NATO’s purpose is to guarantee the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.

Political – NATO promotes democratic values and enables members to consult and cooperate on defence and security related issues to solve problems, build trust and in the long run prevent conflict.

Military – NATO is committed to the peaceful resolution of disputes. If diplomatic efforts fail, it has the military power to undertake crisis management operations.

  • These are carried out under the collective defence clause of NATO’s founding treaty article 5 of the Washington Treaty or Under the United Nations mandate.


Conditions for Joining NATO

  • Any European country in a position to further the principles of the Washington Treaty and contribute to security in the Euro Atlantic area can become a member of the Alliance at the invitation of the North Atlantic Council.
  • The most recent member state is North Macedonia, which joined the NATO in 2020.

@  Yogesh Pratap Singh

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