THE COMMISSION FOR AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN NCR AND ADJOINING AREAS BILL - 2021
Why in News?
In july 2021 The commission for Air Quality Management in the National Capital Region (NCR) and adjoning Areas Bill, 2021 was introduced in the Loksabha.
The Bill seeks to set up a statutory authority with appropriate powers to tackle air polution in NCR and adjoining areas.
Key Features of Bill -
it provides for the constitution of a commission for better co-ordination, research, identification, and resolution of problems related to air quality in the NCR and adjoining areas.
It also dissolves the Enviromental pollution prevention and control authority established established in NCR in 1998.
Adjoining areas have been defined as areas in the states of haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh
Functions of Commission
Co-ordinating actions under the ordinance by concerned state governments (Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.)
Planning and executing plans to prevent and control air polution in the NCR.
Providing a framework for identification of air pollutants
Conducting research and development through networking with technical institutions.
Training and creating a special work force to deal with issue related to air pollution
Preparing various actions plans such as increasing plantation and addressing stubble burning.
In case of any conflict, the orders or directions of the commission will prevail over the orders of the respective state government the central pollution control Board (CPCB), State PCBS and stafe-level statutory bodia.
Tenure chairperson and members of the commission will have a tenure of three years or till age 70 years which is early
Need for the Bill
Sources of air Polution particulary in NCR consists of factors which are beyond the local limits.
So a special focus is required on all sources of air polution which are associated with different economic sector including power, agricultures transport, industry, residential and construction.
Since air pollution is not a localised phenomenon, the effect is felt in areas even for away from the source, thus creating the need for regional level initiatives through inter-state and intacity coordination in addition to multi-sectoral synchronisation.