Why in News?
On July 22, 2021, Toxics Link (Delhi-based environment NGO) has revealed pollution by microplastics in river Ganga with help of National Institute of Oceanography.
- Microplastic defined as synthetic solid particles sized ranging 1 micrometre (µm) to 5 millimetre (mm), which are insoluble in water.
Reason for this
- The highest concentration of microplastic was found at Varanasi, comprising single-use and secondary plastic products.
- Microbeads were observed in Varanasi and Kanpur while no beads were found in Haridwar.
- The Water testing was carried out in collaboration with National Institute of Oceanography identify presence of at least 40 different kinds of polymers as microplastics.
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) –
- NMCG is the implementation wing of National Ganga River Basin Authority (as also known as National Ganga Council) Namami Gange programme was launched in 2014 to accomplish twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
- Ganga Manthan – It was national conference that was held in 2014 to discuss issues and possible solutions for cleaning the River.
- In 2014, Clean Ganga Fund was set up.
- In 2014, Swachh Bharat Mission was launched.
- 15 point directive to clean Ganga by NMCG.
- More than 20 states and Union Territories have joined the fight to beat the plastic pollution, announcing a ban on single-use plastics such as carry bags, cups, etc.
- India has also won global acclaim for its ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’ resolve, under which it pledged to eliminate single-use plastic by 2022.
@ Rahul Yadav