Quality of Life for Elderly Index was released on August 11, 2021 by Dr. Bibek Debroy, Chairman, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM).
The Index has been created by the Institute for Competitiveness and it sheds light on an issue often not mentioned- problems faced by the elderly.
Objective of the report
The report identifies the regional patterns of ageing across Indian States and assesses the overall ageing situation in India.
The report presents a deeper insight into how well India is doing to support the well-being of its ageing population.
Key Highlights from the Report
The Health System Pillar observes the highest national average, 66.97 at an all-India level, followed by 62.34 in Social Well-being.
Financial Well-being observes a score of 44.7, which is lowered by the low performance of 21 States across the Education Attainment & Employment pillar, which showcases scope for improvement
States have performed particularly worse in the Income Security pillar because over half of the States have a score below the national average, i.e., 33.03 in Income Security, which is the lowest across all pillars.
Performance of the States
Among all the states, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh are top-scoring regions in the aged states and relatively aged states categories. Rajasthan has a score of 54.61 in the aged states category while Himachal Pradesh has a score of 61.04 in relatively aged states.
Mizoram has a score of 59.79 among northeastern states while Chandigarh scored 63.78 among the Union Territories.
Jammu and Kashmir scored the lowest 46.16 among Union Territories.
Arunachal Pradesh, among the northeastern states, scored the lowest score with 46.16.
In the aged states and relatively aged states categories, Telangana and Gujarat scored the lowest with 38.19 and 49.00, respectively.
Rationale of the Index
The Quality of Life for Elderly Index has been released to broaden the way we understand the needs and the opportunities of the elderly population in India.
Without a proper diagnostic tool to understand the implications of its ageing population, planning for the elderly can become a challenge for policymakers.
This index measures the core domains of Economic, health, and social well-being of older people and provides the in-depth situation of elderly people in India.
The index can thus help the nation identify areas that need improvement and grab the current opportunity to start putting positive changes in motion for the next decades.
The index also promotes healthy competition among States through fair rankings and highlights the pillars and indicators they can improve.
Using this index as a tool, the State governments and the stakeholders can identify the areas they need to work upon to provide their older generation with a comfortable life.