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Post at: Aug 13 2021

Quality of Life for Elderly Index

Recent Context

  • Quality of Life for Elderly Index was released on August 11, 2021 by Dr. Bibek Debroy, Chairman, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM).
  • The Index has been created by the Institute for Competitiveness and it sheds light on an issue often not mentioned- problems faced by the elderly.

Objective of the report

  • The report identifies the regional patterns of ageing across Indian States and assesses the overall ageing situation in India.
  • The report presents a deeper insight into how well India is doing to support the well-being of its ageing population.

Key Highlights from the Report

  • The Health System Pillar observes the highest national average, 66.97 at an all-India level, followed by 62.34 in Social Well-being.
  • Financial Well-being observes a score of 44.7, which is lowered by the low performance of 21 States across the Education Attainment & Employment pillar, which showcases scope for improvement
  • States have performed particularly worse in the Income Security pillar because over half of the States have a score below the national average, i.e., 33.03 in Income Security, which is the lowest across all pillars.

Performance of the States

  • Among all the states, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh are top-scoring regions in the aged states and relatively aged states categories. Rajasthan has a score of 54.61 in the aged states category while Himachal Pradesh has a score of 61.04 in relatively aged states.
  • Mizoram has a score of 59.79 among northeastern states while Chandigarh scored 63.78 among the Union Territories.
  • Jammu and Kashmir scored the lowest 46.16 among Union Territories.
  • Arunachal Pradesh, among the northeastern states, scored the lowest score with 46.16.
  • In the aged states and relatively aged states categories, Telangana and Gujarat scored the lowest with 38.19 and 49.00, respectively.

Rationale of the Index

  • The Quality of Life for Elderly Index has been released to broaden the way we understand the needs and the opportunities of the elderly population in India.
  • Without a proper diagnostic tool to understand the implications of its ageing population, planning for the elderly can become a challenge for policymakers.
  • This index measures the core domains of Economic, health, and social well-being of older people and provides the in-depth situation of elderly people in India.
  • The index can thus help the nation identify areas that need improvement and grab the current opportunity to start putting positive changes in motion for the next decades.
  • The index also promotes healthy competition among States through fair rankings and highlights the pillars and indicators they can improve.
  • Using this index as a tool, the State governments and the stakeholders can identify the areas they need to work upon to provide their older generation with a comfortable life.


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