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Post at: Aug 13 2021

Elderly in India 2021 Report

Recent Context

  • Recently on August 05, 2021 Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) released the report titled as “Elderly in India 2021”.
  • The report published, cited findings from the Technical Group on Population Projections for India and States 2011-2036 for its predictions.

What are the key findings of the elderly in India 2021 Report?

  • Despite the fact that India will be the world's youngest country by 2020, with a median age of 29 years, the number of senior people is expected to rise dramatically after that.

Population growth

  • India’s elderly population (aged 60 and above) is projected to touch 194 million in 2031 from 138 million in 2021, a 41 per cent increase over a decade.
  • There will be 93 million males and 101 million females in 2031 — up from 67 million males and 71 million females in 2021.
  • The percentage share of the elderly population in the total population is said to rise from 8.6 per cent in 2011 to 10.1 per cent in 2021 and projected to touch 13.1 per cent in 2031.
  • The elderly population’s decadal growth (population growth rate over a 10-year period) compared to that of the general population showed a huge contrast. While elderly decadal growth is predicted to rise from 35.5 per cent in 2001-11 to 35.8 per cent in 2011-21 to 40.5 in 2021-31, the growth is said to decline from 17.7 to 12.4 to 8.4 per cent in the general population, respectively.
  • Economic well-being, improved healthcare and medical facilities, and lower fertility rates have all contributed to the increase in the older population.

State Wise Elderly Population

  • Kerala has the highest proportion of senior persons (16.5 percent) in its population, according to data from 2021.
  • It was followed by Tamil Nadu (13.6%), Himachal Pradesh (13.1%), Punjab (12.6%), and Andhra Pradesh (12.6%). (12.4 percent).
  • Bihar has the lowest proportion of elderly people (7.7%), followed by Uttar Pradesh (8.1%), and Assam (8.2%). (8.2 percent )

Future Predictions of States

  • According to projections, Kerala will have the highest proportion of senior persons (20.9 percent) in its population by 2031.
  • According to the survey, Tamil Nadu (18.2%), Himachal Pradesh (17.1%), Andhra Pradesh (16.4%), and Punjab (16.2%) will be the next states to emerge.

Old-Age Dependency Ratio:

  • The old-age dependency ratio gives a more accurate representation of the number of people aged 60 and more per 100 people in the 15-59 age range. According to the research, the old-age dependency ratio has been increasing in recent years.
  • It increased from 10.9 percent in 1961 to 14.2 percent in 2011, with projections of 15.7 percent and 20.1 percent in 2021 and 2031, respectively.
  • In 2021, the female dependency ratio is forecast to be 14.8 percent, while the male dependency ratio is projected to be 16.7 percent.

Literacy Rate

  • Other indications According to the research, literacy levels among senior males and females have improved over time in both rural and urban areas, but there is still a significant gender divide, with only 28% of female elderly being literate compared to 59% of male elderly (Population Census 2011).
  • The disparity is even more pronounced in rural areas, where 51% of men and 18% of women are literate.

Way Forward

  • India must develop appropriate social and economic policies to allow for the rapid growth of the elderly, who will account for as much as a fifth of the population by the middle of the century.
  • India must develop appropriate social and economic policies to allow for the rapid growth of the elderly, who will account for as much as a fifth of the population by the middle of the century.
  • Concerns about development demand prioritization of economic and social measures to make them more senior citizen-friendly.

Rishabh Srivastava


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