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Post at: Aug 13 2021

All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) Report-2019-20

Recent Context

  • On June 10, 2021, the Ministry of Education has released the All Indian Survey of Higher Education (AISHE) report 2019-20.
  • The survey covers all the institutions in the country engaged in imparting of higher education.


Key Findings of the AISHE Report

  • Top 8 states in terms of highest number of colleges in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
  • 60.56% colleges are located in rural area and 10.75% colleges are exclusively for female.
  • Only 2.7% colleges run Ph.D. programme and 35.04% colleges run Post Graduate programme.
  • The report revealed that the number of Institutes of National Importance (INIs) have increased from 75 in 2015-16 to 135 in 2019-20.
  • The number of Ph.Ds. has also increased by 60% in the last five years.

Total Enrolment

  • Total enrolment in Higher education has been estimated to be 3.85 cr. with 19.6 cr. boys and 1.89 cr.  female. Female constitute 49% of the total enrolment.

Gross Enrolment Ratio

  • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education in India is 27.1, which is calculated for 18-23 years of age group. It is increased by 0.8% in 2019-20.
  • GER for male population is 26.9 & for female, it is 27.3. For scheduled castes, it is 23.4 & for scheduled tribes, it is 18.0 as compared to the national GER of 27.1.


  • Maximum numbers of students are enrolled in B.A. programme followed by B.Sc. & B.Com.
  • At Ph.D. level, maximum number of students are enrolled in Engineering & Technology stream followed by Science.
  • Uttar Pradesh comes at number one with the highest student enrolment followed by Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
  • Pupil Teachers Ratio (PTR) in Universities and colleges is 28 if regular mode enrolment is considered whereas PTR for universities and its constituent units is 18 for regular mode.
  • The total number of Central University in India is 48.
  • In the last 5 years, female enrolment recorded an 18.2% increase as overall enrolment in higher education grew by 11.4% in the same period.
  • Uttar Pradesh, with its highest student enrolment in India, has 49.1% male & 50.9% female students.
  • As per AISHE 2019-20 report, in the last five years engineering and technology registered a negative growth (-13.4). While medical science enrolment has been up by 5.11% in the same period.


  • The continuous rise in enrolment, number of institutions, gender parity is a part of our country’s major move towards improving access, equity and quality of education to all.​​​​​​​

@  Yogesh Pratap Singh


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