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Post at: Aug 12 2021

Joint Communication for Empowering Tribal Communities

Recent Context

  • On July 6, 2021 a ‘Joint Communication’ was signed between Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) and Ministry of Tribal Affairs for more effective implementation of the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006.

Objectives of Joint Communication

Forest Right Act, (FRA), 2006

  • FRA was enacted in 2006- It deals with the rights of forest dwelling communities over land and other resources.
  • FRA, 2006 recognizes the rights of the forest dwelling tribal communities and other traditional forest dwellers to forest resources, on which these communities were dependent for a variety of needs, including livelihood, habitation and other socio-cultural needs.

The Act recognizes four types of rights –

  1. Title Rights – Ownership to land that is being framed by tribals or forest dwellers subject to a maximum of 4 hectares.
    • Ownership is only for land that is actually being cultivated by the concerned family, that means, no new lands are granted.
  2. Use Rights – Forest dwellers have right to use minor forest produce and grazing areas etc.
  3. Relief and Development Rights – To rehabilitate in ease of illegal eviction or forced displacement and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest production.
  4. Forest Management rights – It includes the right to protect forests and wildlife.

Way Forward

  • State forest and tribal welfare department have to work together to ensure an early implementation of FRA, 2006.
  • State governments are responsible for the implementation of the Act and issues related to its implementation need to be resolved at the State level.
  • An awareness campaign should be started to disseminate the information related to FRA.

@  Yogesh Pratap Singh

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