- On July 6, 2021 a ‘Joint Communication’ was signed between Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) and Ministry of Tribal Affairs for more effective implementation of the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006.
Objectives of Joint Communication
Forest Right Act, (FRA), 2006
- FRA was enacted in 2006- It deals with the rights of forest dwelling communities over land and other resources.
- FRA, 2006 recognizes the rights of the forest dwelling tribal communities and other traditional forest dwellers to forest resources, on which these communities were dependent for a variety of needs, including livelihood, habitation and other socio-cultural needs.
The Act recognizes four types of rights –
- Title Rights – Ownership to land that is being framed by tribals or forest dwellers subject to a maximum of 4 hectares.
- Ownership is only for land that is actually being cultivated by the concerned family, that means, no new lands are granted.
- Use Rights – Forest dwellers have right to use minor forest produce and grazing areas etc.
- Relief and Development Rights – To rehabilitate in ease of illegal eviction or forced displacement and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest production.
- Forest Management rights – It includes the right to protect forests and wildlife.
- State forest and tribal welfare department have to work together to ensure an early implementation of FRA, 2006.
- State governments are responsible for the implementation of the Act and issues related to its implementation need to be resolved at the State level.
- An awareness campaign should be started to disseminate the information related to FRA.
@ Yogesh Pratap Singh