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Post at: Aug 12 2021

India-Nepal Rail Service Agreement

Why in News

  • On July 9, 2021, India and Nepal have signed a Letter of Exchange (LoE) to revise India-Nepal Rail services Agreement of 2004.


About India-Nepal Rail Services Agreement, 2004

  • The Rail Services Agreement was executed in 2004 between the ministry of Railways, Government of India and Government of Nepal. For introduction of Agreement for operating & Managing the train services between Kolkata/Haldia Port and Birgunj (Nepal) via Raxual (India) for transit traffic and between stations on Indian Railways and Birgung via Raxual for bilateral traffic.
  • This Agreement shall remain in force for a period of 10 years from the date of signing and shall the reafter be automatically extended for a further period of 5 years at a time and may be modified (through LoE) by contracting parties by mutual consent.
  • First such amendment to RSA, 2004 was effected through LoE signed on 21st May, 2004 and second LOE was signed on 17th December 2008.
  • Third LoE was signed in February 2016 enabling rail transit traffic to/from Vishakhapatnam Port in addition to existing provision of rail transportation through Kolkata/Haldia Port.


About India – Nepal Relations

  • Nepal is an important neighbour of India and occupies special significance in its foreign policy because of the geographic, historical, cultural and economic ties.
  • The India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1950 forms the bedrock of special relations that exist between Nepal and India.
  • Both share similar ties in terms of Hinduism and Buddishm. They also have close bonds through marriages and families ties, popularly known as ‘Roti-Beti ka Rishta’.

Way Forward

  • Need reform in Indo-Nepal friendship treaty-1950 according to present situation which Nepal see against its sovereignity.
  • India should speed up its developmental activity specially hydro-projects.
  • Need a robust plan to resolve India-Nepal Border dispute.
  • Nepal alleged India suffer from Big Brother syndrome so need better engangement in Both country.​​​​​​​

@  Rahul Yadav

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