- On June 29, 2021 a high level meeting was chaired by Prime Minister (Narendra Modi) in the wake of drone attack at Jammu air force station.
Drone Attacks and Concerns
- Drones were used for the first time to drop explosive devices, triggering blasts inside the Air Force Station’s technical area in Jammu.
- Over the past two years, drones have been deployed regularly by Pakistan- based outfits to smuggle arms, ammunition and drugs into Indian Territory.
Does India have Anti – Drone Technology?
- Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has the counter drone technology.
- It could provide the armed forces with the capability to swiftly detect, intercept and destroy the small UAS (Unmanned Aerial Systems) that pose a security threat.
- DRDO’s anti- drone system would give the military both ‘soft skill’ and hard skill options to tackle the new and fast – emerging aerial throat.
What are India’s plans to use them in Warfare
- The armed forces have been slowly inducting capacity.
- In the year 2020, Navy got two unarmed Sea Guardian Predator drones on lease from the US.
- The three forces want 30 of these UAV’s between them.
Drones Regulation in India
Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Rules, 2021
- UAS rules 2021 was issued by Ministry of Civil Aviation.
- The new drone laws and regulations apply to anyone looking to operate an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) in India.
- The ability to fly a drone in India is subject to the type of drone and the corresponding permit and licence needed for it.
- As per the size of the drone, the following categories have been listed under the Gazette –
- The Drones pilots will have to follow the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) as accepted by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).
- The permit will allow the operation of such drones limited to the visual line of sight without any payload.
- For the operation of either one of them, one would require UAS operator permit-II (UAOP-II).
Penalties on Failure of Compliance
- Individual flying any drone other than those in the Nano Category, for instance, without a valid licence or permit, will have to pay a fine of Rs. 25,000.
- Flying on unmanned aircraft over no operation area will attract a penalty of Rs. 50,000.
- Such penalties extended up to Rs. 5 lakh for the manufactures of drones.
- Guidelines on use of drones in India should be effectively implemented.
- The government should ensure protection of privacy of citizen by limiting the use of drones for surveillance.
- A comprehensive policy and measures are needed to tackle drone attacks by any terror-outfits.
@ Yogesh Pratap Singh