- On June 11, 2021, the U.N. General Assembly elected Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the United Nations Security Council as a non-permanent member for a two year (2022-23) term starting on Jan 1, 2022.
- All the five nations were elected unopposed to the 15 members UN body. They will replace – Vietnam, Estonia, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Tunisia.
- The UN Security council is a body of 15 members, five of which are permanent and have veto power and 10 non-permanent members, who are elected for a two-year term by the General Assembly.
- The Security Council is the only U.N. body that can make legally binding decisions like imposing sanctions and authorizing use of force.
Status of India in UNSC
- India joined the UN Security Council as a non-permanent member on January 1, 2021, for a tenure of two years.
- This is 8th time India had been elected as a non-permanent member.
- In August, 2021, India will serve as the President of the council, a position held by each of the members in turn for one month, according to the alphabetical order of the member states names.
DEBATE – Why UNSC should be reformed?
- Changing geopolitical situation – Despite profound changes in global realities, the basic structure of the Security Council has not changed significantly from its original form of 1945. Therefore, the present Security Council does not reflect today’s realities.
- Reforms Long Overdue – The UNSC was expanded only once in 1963 to add 4 non-permanent members to the council. Although the overall membership of the UN has increased from 113 to 193, there has been no change in the composition of the UNSC since then.
- Inequitable economic and geographical representation – While Europe is over-represented, Asia is underrepresented.
- Crisis of legitimacy and credibility – Stalled reform agenda and various issues including its interventions in Libya and Syria in the name of responsibility have put questions on the credibility of the Institutions.
India’s bid to permanent membership in UNSC
- There are many arguments given for India’s eligibility for its inclusion in permanent membership –
- India is the biggest democracy in the world and in current geo politics its contribution and influence cannot be ignored.
- India’s a growing economy and influence has increased in the world economy and trade.
- Inclusion of India into UNSC will help in transforming its status from being a responsible stakeholder along with becoming a global rule-maker.
In the current circumstances, it has become crucial for the UNSC to reform itself and uphold its legitimacy and representatives in the world.
Yogesh Pratap Singh