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Post at: Aug 06 2021

Suicide Worldwide in 2019: WHO

Recent Context

  • On June 16, 2021 the world Health Organisation has published the report titled ‘Suicide Worldwide in 2019’.

 

Key finding of Suicide Worldwide 2019 report

Prevention and Control

  • LIVE LIFE WHO’s approach to suicide prevention, recommends the following key effective evidence based interventions.
  • Limit access to the means of suicide (e.g. pesticides, firearms, certain medications).
  • Interact with media for responsible reporting of suicide.
  • Foster social-emotional life skill in adolescents.
  • Early identify, assess, manage and follow up anyone who is affected by suicidal behaviours.

The United Nations- Mandated Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • The SDGs call on countries to reduce premature mortality from non-communicable disease by one-third, by 2030 through prevention and treatment and to promote mental health and well-being (Target 3.4).
  • SDGs ask countries to strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol (Target 3.5).
  • SDGs also call for universal health coverage (Target 3.8).

Suicides in India

  • As per  Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India (National Crime Records Bureau), 2019 report, a total of 1,39,123 suicides were reported in the country during 2019 showing an increase in comparison to 2018 (1,34,516).
  • The rate of suicides has increased by 0.2% during 2019 over 2018. The rate of suicide is 10.4 in 2019.
  • Majority of suicides were reported in Maharashtra (18,916) followed by Tamil Nadu (13,493) and West Bengal (12665).
  • Family problems and illness were the major causes of suicides which accounted for 32.4% and 17.7% of total suicides respectively during 2019.

Government Initiative for Suicides

  • The Mental Healthcare Act 2017- decriminalizes suicide assuring medical relief to those attempting it.
  • KIRAN – It is an initiative of the Ministry of social Justice and Empowerment has launched 24×7 toll free help line to provide support to people facing anxiety, stress, depression, suicidal thoughts and other mental health problems.
  • A comprehensive suicide prevention strategy within the framework of the National Mental Health Policy of India 2014, with effective multi-sectoral collaboration is imperative.
  • Manodarpan Initiative – is an initiative of Ministry of Education under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. It is aimed to provide psychological support to students, teachers and family members for their mental health and well-being.

Yogesh Pratap Singh


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