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Post at: Aug 06 2021

Haryana’s ‘Pran Vayu Devta Pension Scheme’ and Oxy Van (Oxygen Forests)

Recent Context

  • On June 5, 2021, the Haryana government has announced the “Pran Vayu Devta Pension Scheme” and Oxy Van (Oxygen Forest) Scheme to avoid a crisis of medical oxygen deficit in the future.

What is the Pran Vayu Devta Pension Scheme (PVDPS)?

 

  • It is an initiative of state government of Haryana to honour all those trees which are of the age of 75 years and above have served the humanity throughout their life by producing oxygen, reducing pollution, providing shade and so on.
  • Such trees will be identified throughout the state and these will be looked after by involving local people in this scheme.
  • For maintenance of trees older than 75 years, a ‘pension amount’ of Rs. 2500 would be given per year in the name of PUDPS.
  • This ‘tree pension’ shall continue to increase every year.
  • The pension shall be given by the Urban Local bodies department for the upkeep of the trees, installing plates and grilles.
  • According to state government officials, at least 2500 such trees have been identified so far.

What is Oxy Van (Oxygen forest)?

 

  • Oxy Van are identified piece of land, on which as many as 3 crore trees would be planted.
  • Oxy Vans will occupy 10 percent of the 8 lakh hectares of land across Haryana.
  • There will be different kinds of plants and trees.

Why this Idea of Oxy Vans

  • As result of vehicular and industrial pollution in urban areas resulting in ‘Heat Island Effect’ and bad air quality, the cities and towns urgently need mother Earth’s green lungs to reduce the heat effect and improve the air quality.

India State of Forest Report (2019) –

  • The total forest and tree cover is 24.56% of the geographical area of the country.
  • The total forest cover is 7,12,249 sq. km. which is 21.67% of the geographical area of the country.
  • The tota tree cover is 2.89% of the geographical area of the country.

Largest forest cover in India-
Madhya Pradesh > Arunachal Pradesh > Chhattisgarh > Odisha > Maharashtra.
Forest cover as percentage of total geographical area –
Lakshadweep (90.33%) > Mizoram (85.41%) > Andaman and Nicobar (81.74%) > Arunachal
Pradesh (79.63%) > Meghalaya (76.33%) > Manipur (75.46%) > Nagaland (75.31%).

Conclusion
Both the schemes are unique and the first of its kind in India. Such types of schemes should be promoted by every states to reduce pollution and maintain a greenish environment throughout the state.

Yogesh Pratap Singh


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