NASA has announced that it will launch it’s Volatiles Investigative Polar Exploration Rover or VIPER, in late 2023.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of US federal government responsible for civilian space program. It was established in 1958.
About VIPER Mission
- It is the first resource mapping mission on another celestial body.
- The first water maps of moon that will be provided by VIPER will mark a critical step forward in NASA’s Artemis program which aims to establish a sustainable human presence on the surface of the Moon by 2028.
- Earlier Moon missions were either orbiter or impactor which only told us that there is water ice at lunar poles, but to be able to use it, more things are needed to be learned –up close and personal. VIPER will do that.
- VIPER’s instruments will help us learn origin of lunar polar water.