WHY IN NEWS?
- In June, 2021, an independent appraisal report released by United Nations Development Programme [UNDP] appreciated India’s Aspirational Districts Programme.
- UNDP appreciated that India’s tap water supply increased four-fold from 7% to 31.37% in 117 Aspirational districts.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE REPORT
- 72% households in 13 aspirational districts in Bihar have tap water supply.
- 4.36 crore households have been provided with piped connections in last 22 month (since 2019, when JJM was initiated) under Jal Jeevan Mission.
- Goa, Telangana, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Puducherry have achieved 100% household connection in rural areas.
- 117 districts in remote locations with low development indicators & basic facilities, have experienced faster development.
COMPARISON OF OUTCOME SINCE INCEPTION OF JAL JEEVAN MISSION (JJM)
- Undoubtedly, Jal Jeevan Mission has played a key role in providing tap water supply.
- In the short span of 22 months, tap water connections have been provided to additional 84 lakh households in these aspirational districts.
- Only 7% households in Aspirational District had a tap water supply but now 31.37% of household have assured tap water supply across the country.
- 24% increase in coverage in aspirational districts is more than 22.72% increase in tap water supply across the country during 22 months since inception of JJM.
- At the start of Jal Jeevan Mission in 2019, out of a total of 19.20 crore rural households in the country, only 3.23 crore (17%) had a tap of water supply. But during the last 22 months, 4.36 crore households have been provided with piped connections.
PROGRAMMES/MISSION THAT PLAYED KEY ROLE IN INCREASING TAP WATER SUPPLY
- The Aspirational District Programme (ADP) launched by the government in January, 2018 in an attempt to push for substantial growth across various socio-economic parameters in areas.
- ADP made significant impact in a short period of time garnering praise from international agencies like UNDP.
- Jal Jeevan Mission [JJM] launched on 15th August 2019 aspired for a goal to have ‘Har Ghar Jal’ – every house in the village is to be provided with tap connection.
- As per the recent appraisal report of the UNDP the aspirational district programme has a very positive impact on the districts where it was implemented.
- These districts require more attention of a special focus.
- Therefore, it is very important to ensure every stakeholder in the ADP is increased further & the best practices of the programme can also be replicated in other districts in the future.