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Post at: Jul 19 2021

Forced Displacement in 2020: UNHCR Report

RECENT CONTEXT

  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has released the Global Trends Report in forced Displacement on 20th June, 2021.
  • It is released on World Refugee day.

KEY POINTS

  • According to the UNHCR report 82.4 million people worldwide were forcibly displaced by the end of 2020.
  • The reason of forced displacements were persecution, conflict, violence human rights violations and those events which disturbed the social order.
  • Therefore there is 4% increase in forcibly displaced people when compared to 2019.
  • Turkey currently hosts 3.7 million refugees, the largest by a single country. It is followed by Columbia that shelters 1.7 million people.
     

  • COVID-19 pandemic became the reason of slow pace rate of displacement. Therefore the number of people seeking asylum remained high.
  • In 2020 alone, asylum seekers submitted 1.1 million new claim and 4.1 million asylum-seekers.
  • Over two-thirds of the refugees worldwide come from just five countries namely Syria,(6.7 million) Venezuela (4 million), Afghanistan (2.6 million), South Sudan (2.2 million), Myanmar (1.1 million).
  • It is noted that climate change also drove displacement. Hence it increased the vulnerability of those who faced this impact.
  • 34400 people benefitted from UNHCR facilitated resettlement departures.
  • People who have been forcibly displaced were among the hardest hit groups.

 

CONCLUSION

The Global Report presents the work carried out by UNHCR in 2020 to protect and improve in lives of tens of millions of people of UNHCR did unprecedented works in an unprecedent year 2020-21 (during COVID-19).

Amit Gupta
 


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