WHY IN NEWS?
The report, titled Protected Planet Report 2020 underlined the progress, the world has made towards the ambitious goals agreed by countries in 2010 at United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.
ABOUT THE REPORT
- This reports is the first in the series to include date on Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures (OECM) in addition to protected areas.
- The 2020 edition provides the final report on the status of Aichi Target 11.
- Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 aimed to conserve 17% of land and inland water ecosystems and 10% of its coastal&marine areas by 2020.
This report looks it as the futurist approach to make capable for adopting a new post-2020 global diversity framework.
Increase in Protected Area and OECMs
- Of the area now covered by protected areas and OECMs, 42% was added in the past decade.
- The greatest growth in protected areas and OECMs over the 10-year period has been in marine and coastal areas where 68% of the current network’s areas is less than ten years old.
- The international community has made major progress towards the global target or protected and conserved area coverage, but has fallen far short on its commitments on the quality of these areas.
- At the national level, on an average, 62.6% of KBA (Key Biodiversity Areas) either fully or partially overlap with protected areas and OCEMs.
- To date, 33.8% of key biodiversity areas lack any coverage by protected areas or OECMs in the terrestrial and inland water realms and 33.9% in the marine realm.
- Despite major progress on protected and conserved area coverage the world has fallen well short of commitments on the quality of their management and on the quantity of protected marine areas.
- Need of improvement in the quality of both existing and new areas as biodiversity still continues to decline even within protected areas despite efforts.
WHY THIS REPORT IS IMPORTANT:
- To scaling up coverage and effectiveness that will would be part of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.
- To know the progress towards the ambitions goals for conserving biodiversity.
NEED FOR PROTECTED AREAS:
- We must honour indigenous efforts in identifying and conserving areas in designated new areas.
- There should be an equitable management of these protected areas so that the costs of conservation are not borne by the local people while its benefits are enjoyed by others.
- Although the IUCN whose Green List Standard is the global measure of overall change in the quality of protected areas, has welcomed the advancements made over the past decade but there is a still need to conserve biodiversity for further improvement.