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Post at: Jul 15 2021

National Mission on use of Biomass in Coal based Thermal Power Plants

Recent Context

  • Ministry of power on 25th May, 2021 has decided to set up a National Mission on use of Biomass in Coal based thermal power plants.

Key Points

Implementing Model of the Mission

  • A steering committee will be formed with secretary (power) as head and representatives from other ministers like Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas etc. as member. Executive Committee will have member (thermal), CEA as head.
  • NTPC will provide logistic and infrastructure support.
  • Duration of proposed mission will be minimum 5 years.

Other projects by government for biomass energy
Ministry of New and Renewable has initiated various program for biomass energy potential realization—

  • Biomass power and Cogenerationprogramme: It is implemented with the main objective of promoting technologies for biomass energy generation for grid power. Sugar mills are generating electricity by using bagasse as fuel. So far 9806 MW such plants have been installed in country.
  • New National Biogass and Organic Manure Programme: For establishing biogas plant of size ranging from 1 m3 to 25 m3 per day.
  • Biogas power generation and Thermal energy Promotion programme: For setting up biogas plants in the size range of 30 m3 to 2500 m3 per day.


  • India has a potential of about 18 GW of energy from Biomass. More than 70% of the country’s population depends upon biomass for its energy needs.
  • Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has set the national target of 10 GW of installed biomass power by 2022.
  • In this regard, if this proposed mission is implemented correctly, it will not just help in reducing carbon footprint of thermal power plants and thus moving towards cleaner energy but will also help in tackling the menace of air pollution arising out of farm stubble burning.

Kameshwar Shukla

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