- The Ministry of Education has released the performance Grading Index (PGI) for 2019-20 on 6th June 2021.
- The Education Ministry released the first PGI in 2019 for the performance year 2017-18.
- Performance Grading Index is released by Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education.
- Performance Grading Index is a tool to provide insights on the status of school education in States and Union Territories.
- It also provides key levers that drive their performance and critical areas for improvement.
- This index is structured in two categories viz: Outcomes and Governance & Management.
- These categories comprise a set of 70 indicators, which are grouped under five (5) broad categories such as
- States are graded, not ranked to discourage the practice of one improving only at the cost of others.
- The PGI grading system has 10 levels & this level indicates performance based on sources, a total weight of 1000 points.
HOW HAVE STATES PERFORMED THIS TIME?
- In PGI 2019-20 No state or Union Territory has achieved the highest grade (Level 1).
- Punjab has recorded the highest score in the index with a total of 929 out of 1000.
- Gujarat dropped from second to the 8th rank in the index while MP and Chhattisgarh are the only states which have seen actual regression in scores over this period.
- Biggest improvement has been seen in Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh.
- The new Union Territory of Ladakh had the lowest score of just 545. Notably it was included separately for the first time in this edition.
- However there are still 3 states/UTs that are placed level II or lower.
SIGNIFICANCE OF PGI
- This index will encourage the states and UTs for leading to optimum education outcomes.
- It will help to pin-point the gaps in states &UTs. Hence it will spur to ensure the robust school education system at every level.
NEED/CONCERN FOR FURTHER IMPROVEMENT:
- As per the report, states & union territories need to improve their performance in terms of governance processes. Such as:
Therefore it can be said that we have got to see the general upward shift of some state & UTs in their data reporting mechanism. But there is a need to pay heed to the domain governance & pay attention towards improving the overall equality of school education. Hence New Education Policy 2020, can spur the momentum of adequate facilities that are needed.