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Post at: Jul 12 2021

World University Rankings 2022

Recent Context

  • On 8th June 2021, education analyst QS (Quacquarelli Symonds) has released 18th edition of World University Rankings.

Background

  • Quacquarelli  Symonds (QS) is British company which is one of the world’s leading education analyst company. It provides services, analytics and insight to the global higher education sector.
  • First inaugurated in 2004, The ‘QS World University Rankings Portfolio is an annual publication of university rankings comprising of global overall and subject rankings.
  • Aim of the QS and its ranking is to enable motivated people anywhere in the world to fulfil their potential through educational achievement, International mobility and career development.

Methodology

  • This edition of rankings features 13,00 universities from around the world. Each institution has been assessed according to six key metrics and their weightage in composing the rankings.

Global Rankings

  • Messachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) of the US is the top University for 10th consecutive year.
  • University of Oxford (UK) has risen to 2nd rank for first time since 2006.
  • Stanford University (USA) and Cambridge University (UK) shares the third spot.
  • National University of Singapore (rank 11), Nanyang Technological University Singapore (rank 12), Tsinghua University, Beijing, China (rank 17) and Peking University, Beijing, China (rank 18)  are the only 4 Universities from Asia which are under 20.

Performance of Indian Institutions

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)(186) entered the top 1000 rank for 1st time.
  • IISc, Bengaluru has been ranked, “World’s top research University”. On the basis of citation per faculty indicator. It has got 100 out of 100 score in this indicator.

Concerns 

  • Indian universities continue to struggle in QS’s measure of institutional teaching capacity. 23 of 35 Indian universities have suffered decline in this regard.

No Indian university ranks among 250 in the faculty / student ration category.


Some Indian Initiative
National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF) : Methodology by Ministry of Education to rank institution of higher education in India to improve their overall capacities and educational standard making them globally competitive.
Institute of Eminence (IoE) Scheme : Government’s scheme of recognition of higher education institutes in India to provide them a complete ecosystem for speedy development. 20 Institutions (10 public, 10 private) are selected and helped to become global players.

Criticism on Methodology

 

Way Forward for India

  • Getting a higher rank in reputed ranking like QS will definitely help Indian Institutions in getting better recognition globally, therefore it will be best for Indian interest to improve on those indices that it is lagging now.
  • Though giving reputation indicators 50% of weightage is unfair to Indian Universities, still Indian Institutions will do good to improve on faculty/Student ratio and International faculty ratio.
  • India can also adopts method to increase prestige of its own ranking systems like National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF) globally so that global institute start participating in it.

Kameshwar Shukla
 


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