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Post at: Jul 10 2021

Horticulture Cluster Development Programme

Recent Context

On May 31, 2021, Ministry of Agriculture and farmers welfare virtually launched the Horticulture Cluster Development Programme (CDP).

About Horticulture Cluster Develoment Progarmme (CDP) 

  • It is a Central Sector Programme.
  • The programme will be implemented in 12 horticulture clusters out of total 53 clusters selected for the programme.
  • It is implemented by the ‘National Horticulture Board (NHB)’ of the Ministry of Agriculture and farmers Welfare.

Key Features of the Programme (CDP)

  • The programme is designed to geographical specialization and promote integrated & market led development of horticulture clusters.
  • It will address all major issues related to horticulture sector including pre-production, production, post harvest management, logistics, marketing &branding.
  • The programme is expected to converge with other initiatives such as agriculture infrastructure fund.

Significance

  • CDP will benefit about 10 lakh farmers & related stakeholder of the value chain.
  • Improve exports of targeted crops by approx.. 20%.
  • Aim to create cluster-specific brands to enhance the competitiveness of cluster crops.
  • CDP is expected to attract an estimated investment of INR 10,000 crore when implemented in all 53 clusters.

Clusters of the Pilot Phase

 

Item

Cluster

Apple

1. Shopian (Jammu & Kashmir) & 2. Kinnaur (Himachal Pradesh)

Mango

3. Lucknow (U.P.), 4. Kutch (Gujarat) & 5. Mahbubnagar (Telangana)

Banana

6. Anantpur (Andhra Pradesh) & 7. Theni (Tamil Nadu)

Grapes

8. Nasik (Maharashtra)

Pineapple

9. Siphahijala (Tripura)

Pomegranate

10. Solapur (Maharashtra) & 11. Chitradurga (Karnataka)

Turmeric

12. West Jaintia Hills (Meghalaya)

 

Horticulture

  • Horticulture is the science, art as well as business of cultivating vegetables, fruits, flowers, ornamentalplants and herbs.

 

Status of Horticulture Sector in India

  • The horticulture sector encompasses a wide range of crops e.g. fruit crops, vegetable crops, potato and tuber crops, ornamental crops, medicinal & aromatic crops, spices and plantation crops.
  • Horticulture has become a key drivers for economic development of the many states.
  • It contributes 30.4% to GDP of agriculture.
  • India is 2nd largest producer of total fruits.
  • Largest producer of mango, banana.
  • In 2019-20 (2nd A.E.), Andhra Pradesh was the top states in fruit production followed by U.P. and Maharashtra.
  • West Bengal, U.P. & M.P. were the top states in total vegetable production.
  • Area under horticulture crops increased to 25.5 million hectare in 2018-19, which in 20% of the total area under food-grain &produced 314 million tonnes.

Conclusion

Horticulture sector has the potential to raise farmers income, provide livelihood security &earn foreign exchange.

Yogesh
 


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