The Global Gender Gap Index benchmarks the current state and evolution of gender parity across four key dimensions (Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment). It is the longest-standing index which tracks progress towards closing these gaps over time since its inception in 2006.
About Global Gender Gap Report, 2022
- Published on : July 13, 2022 (WEF)
- Published : Global Gender Gap Report 2022 (WEF)
- Global Gender Gap Report 2022 covers : 146 countries.
- The Global Gender Gap Index was first introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006.
The Global Gender Gap Index Framework
- Economic participation and opportunity
- Eduactaional attainment
- Health and Survival
- Political Empowerment
- The global gender gap has been closed by 68.1% in 2022.
- At the current rate of progress, it will take 132 years to reach full parity.
- Across the 146 countries covered by the 2022 index, the Health and Survival gender gap has closed by 95.8%, Educational Attainment by 94.4%, Economic Participation and Opportunity by 60.3% and Political Empowerment by 22%.
- India ranks 135 among a total of 146 countries and is the worst performer in the world in the “health and survival” sub-index where it is ranked 146.
- In 2021, India ranked 140 out of a total 156 countries.
- India also ranks poorly among its neighbours and is behind Bangladesh (71), Nepal (96), Sri Lanka (110), Maldives (117) and Bhutan (126).
- Only Pakistan (145) and Afghanistan (146) perform worse than India in South Asia.
The gender score
- India ranked 135 in gender parity out of 146 countries, according to the Global Gender Gap Report 2022 released by the World Economic Forum. A look at India's ranking in the four sub-indexes based on which the overall ranking was determined
Regional results and time to parity
- North America is the most advanced region in terms of closing the gender gap.
- The population weighted average score for the region is 76.9%, which reduces the number of years it will take to close the gap from 62 to 59 years.
- Europe has the second-highest level of gender parity, currently standing at 76.6%.
- The region has a 60-year wait to close the gender parity gap.
- Latin America and the Caribbean ranks third of all regions, after North America and Europe.
- The region has bridged 72.6% of its gender gap.
- Based on the current pace of progress, Latin America and the Caribbean will close the gap in 67 years.
- In Central Asia, overall progress in closing the gender gap is unchanged from the last year, at 69.1%.
- At this pace, it would take 152 years to close the regional gender gap.
- East Asia and the Pacific has closed 69% of its gender gap.
- At this pace, the region will need 168 years to close the gender gap.
- Sub-Saharan Africa has the sixth-highest regional score and has bridged 67.9% of its gender gap.
- At the present rate it would take 98 years to close the gender gap in the region.
- With an average population-weighted score of 63.4%, Middle East and North Africa has the second-largest gender gap yet to close, after South Asia.
- South Asia ranks the lowest, with only 62.3% of the gender gap closed in 2022.
- This lack of progress extends the wait to close the gender gap to 197 years, due to a broad stagnation in gender parity scores across most countries in the region.