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Post at: Sep 17 2022

Akhil Bharatiya Shiksha Samagam (Higher education Summit) in Varanasi

Ministry of Education organized a three day summit on higher education from 7 to 9 July 2022, in Varanasi. The higher education summit was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
About the Higher Education Summit

  • Organised by: Ministry of Education in association with the University Grants Commission (UGC) and Banaras Hindu University (BHU)
  • Organised at:  Rudraksh International Convention Centre, Varanasi
  • Timeline: 7 July to 9 July, 2022
  • Official Name: Akhil Bharatiya Shiksha Samagam
  • Purpose: Discussion on New Education Policy (NEP) 2020

Purpose of the Summit

  • Summit brought together over 300 Vice-Chancellors and Directors from public and private universities as well as educationists, policymakers and industry representatives.
  • Delegation discussed about the implementation of the National Education Policy 2020.
  • At the end of the summit Varanasi Declaration on higher education was adopted.

Key Highlights of the Summit

  • Summit concluded with a resolve to work collectively to transform India into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society.
  • It was mutually accepted that India need to develop forward looking, responsive, world class higher educational institutions to prepare 21st century-ready students. 
  • Institutions were asked to work to ensure access, inclusivity, equitability, affordability and quality in higher education.

National Education Policy (NEP) 2020

  • It was launched by Government of India in July 2020.
  • NEP committee which gave its recommendations for the policy was headed by Dr. Kasturirangan.
  • NEP 2020 replaces the 10+2 structure of school curriculum with a 5+3+3+4 curriculum structure corresponding to age groups 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
  • New Education Policy: Highlights
  1. All higher education institutions, except legal and medical colleges, to be governed by a single regulator.
  2. Common norms to be in place for private and public higher education institutions.
  3. MPhil courses to be discontinued.
  4. Board exams to be based on knowledge application.
  5. Home language, mother tongue or regional language to be medium of instruction up to class 5.
  6. Common entrance exams to be held for admission to universities and higher education institutions.
  7. School curriculum to be reduced to core concepts; integration of vocational education from class 6.


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