Ocean generates 50 percent of the world oxygen, absorbs 25 percent of all carbon dioxide emissions and captures 90 percent of the additional heat generated from green house emissions. It is not just ‘the lungs of the planet’ but also its largest carbon sink.To spread awareness across the globe and seeks some better initiatives from the countries,United Nation organised the UN Ocean Conference 2022.
UN Ocean Conference 2022
- Held from-27 June to 1 July 2022.
- Place-Lisbon, Portugal.
- Theme-“Scaling up ocean action based on science and innovation for the implementation of Goal 14: stocktaking, partnerships and solutions”.
- Co-hosted by-Kenya and Portugal
- Objective-It sought to mobilize action for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas and marine resources.
- First held in-June 2017 in New York.
- Around 130 countries participated and determined for the international agreement on protecting the world's oceans, seas and marine resources.
- The Conference adopted, without a vote, the Lisbon Declaration, entitled, Our ocean, our future, our responsibility.
- It is a legally non-binding document.
- The declaration sends strong signal of urgently improving the health, resilience and sustainable use of the ocean.
Targets as per Declaration :
- Protecting at least 30% of national maritime zones by 2030
- Achieving Carbon Neutrality by 2040.
- Allocating funds to research on ocean acidification, climate resilience and surveillance.
- Scale-up Science-based and innovative actions to address Ocean Emergency.
- Support implementation of SDG14 (life below water) by building a sustainable ocean-based economy requires empowering women and girls and recognising their contribution.
- Protect biodiversity in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, which lie outside the 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zones of countries.
Agendas Of UN Ocean Conference 2022
- To stop deep sea mining: Limit the deep sea mining for rare metals used in electric vehicle battery construction in order to protect the oceanic ecosystem.
- Carbon Sequestration: To boost oceans capacity to soak up the level of CO2 by adopting mechanisms like geoengineering or by enhancing natural sinks i.e mangroves.
- High Seas: As there is no legal framework for high seas till now it was also one of the matters of concerns of the conference.
- Blue deal: To enable the sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth.It also focuses on blue foods to ensure marine harvests from all sources are sustainable and socially responsible.
Significance of the conference:
- It will make countries to expedite the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14.
- Involve all relevant stakeholders, bringing together Governments, the United Nations to assess challenges and opportunities relating to, as well as actions taken towards the better ocean health.
- It is the plateform to share the experiences gained at the national, regional and international levels in the implementation of SDG Goal 14.
- The ocean is facing unprecedented threats as a result of human activities.To address some of the most defining issues of our time such as climate change, food insecurity, diseases and pandemic,economic inequality and even conflicts and strife,whole world should come across at some good action and need to take serious responsibilities.
Initiatives for Conserving Marine Resources:India
- The Wild Life Protection Act of India (1972)-Provides legal protection to many marine animals.
- There are total of 31 major Marine Protected Areas in India covering coastal areas that have been notified under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
- The National Committee on mangroves, wetlands and coral reefs constituted in 1993-Advises Government on relevant policies and programmes regarding marine species.
- Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)-Harnessing of fisheries potential in a sustainable, responsible, inclusive and equitable manner.
- India's Indo Pacific Ocean Initiative:It is an open non treaty based initiative to work towards collaborative and cooperative solutions to face common challenges in the Indo-Pacific region.
- Initiatives to Protect Oceans:Global
- Decade of Ocean Science : The United Nations has proclaimed 2021-2030 as a decade of Ocean science for sustainable development.
- GloLitter Partnership Project : The project was launched in the joint collaboration of International Maritime Organisation (IMO), the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization and the government of Norway.
- The project is aimed at preventing and reducing Marine plastic litter from activities like Fisheries and Shipping.
- Blue Nation Alliance-It is the Conservation that aims to effectively double ocean protections globally by 2025.