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Post at: Sep 03 2022

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Report 2022

Recent Context

  • On June 2, 2022, the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) has published the Sustainable Development Report 2022.
  • This year's report discusses the critical need and channels of development finance for low-income and lower-middle income countries.
  • In the SDGs index 2022, India is ranked 121 out of the 163 countries.
  • India had ranked 117 in 2020 and 120 in 2021.

What is Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the United Nations in 2015.
  • This entiteled as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
  • The 17 SDGs are integrated—they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability.
  • The 17 SDGs are as follows-

Key Findings

  • Peace, diplomacy, and international cooperation are fundamental conditions for the world to progress on the SDGs towards 2030 and beyond. 
  • For the second year in a row, the world is no longer making progress on the SDGs. 
  • A global plan to finance the SDGs is urgently needed. 
  • At mid-point on the way to 2030, policy efforts and commitments supporting the SDGs vary significantly across countries, including among G20 countries.
  • Rich countries generate negative international spillovers notably through unsustainable consumption; Europe is taking actions. 
  • The COVID-19 pandemic forced data providers to innovate and build new forms of partnerships; these should be leveraged and scaled up to promote SDG impacts by 2030 and beyond. 
  • Science, technological innovations, and data systems can help identify solutions in times of crises and can provide decisive contributions to address the major challenges of our times. 
  • These require increased and prolonged investments in statistical capacities, R&D, and education and skills.

India in SDGs report 2022

  • India is not placed well to achieve the United Nations-mandated Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and its preparedness has worsened over the years in comparison with other countries.
  • India’s rank in the global Sustainable Development Report, 2022 has slipped for the third consecutive year.  
  • The country continues to face major challenges in achieving 11 of the 17 SDGs, which has pushed down its global ranking on SDG preparedness.
  • The progress in around 10 of these goals is similar to those in 2021. 
  • These include SDG 2 on ending hunger, SDG 3 on good health and well being and SDG 6 on clean water and sanitation. 
  • But ensuring decent work (SDG 8) has become more challenging.
  • India is on track to achieving SDG 13 on climate action.

 

 


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