On June 13, 2022, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI )has launched the SIPRI Yearbook 2022.
SIPRI Year Book 2022 assesses the current state of armaments, disarmament and international security.
As per report , despite a marginal decrease in the number of nuclear warheads in 2021, nuclear arsenals are expected to grow over the coming decade.
Food Insecurity: Armed conflict continued to be one of the main drivers of food insecurity in 2021.
It is due to the triple impact of conflict, climate shocks and the socio-economic consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic.
A record high of up to 283 million people across 80 countries were likely to have been food insecure or at high risk in 2021 (up from 270 million across 79 countries in 2020).
Global Military Expenditure:
Global military expenditure was US$2113 billion in the year 2021, exceeding $2 trillion for the first time.
It accounted for 2.2 per cent of global gross domestic product (GDP), equivalent to $268 per person.
World military spending was 0.7 per cent higher than in 2020 and 12 per cent higher than in 2012.
The $2 trillion spent on the military represents a lost opportunity to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of Agenda 2030 and the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change.
The Main Exporter and Importer of Major Arms:
Top 5 Major Arms Exporter are - USA, Russia, France, China, Germany, which accounted for 77 per cent of the total volume of exports.
Top 5 Major Arms Importer are - India , Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Australia, China, which together accounted for 38 per cent of total arms import.
World Nuclear Forces:
At the start of 2022, nine states—the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea)—possessed approximately 12705 nuclear weapons.
Out of 12705 nuclear weapons, 9440 were estimated to be in military stockpiles for potential use.
About 3732 of these warheads were estimated to be deployed with operational forces, and around 2000 of these were kept in a state of high operational alert.
SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
It was established in 1966.
SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.