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Post at: Aug 29 2022

Global Platform For Disaster Risk Reduction(GPDRR) 2022

  • According to a report in 2020,The COVID-19 pandemic will likely end up costing between $8.1 and $15.8 trillion globally. Governments and all other stakeholders gather at the one Platform, Global Platform For Disaster Risk Reduction(GPDRR) 2022 to discuss how to speed up the Sendai Framework's implementation even more including this outgoing pandemic.

Global Platform For Disaster Risk Reduction 2022

  • Took Place from-23 to 28 May,2022
  • Place-Bali,Indonesia.
  • Session-7th
  • Theme: From Risk to Resilience: Towards Sustainable Development For All in a Covid-19 Transformed World.
  • The major theme of GPDRR- 2022 is Disaster Risk Governance, COVID-19 Recovery and DRR Financing.

Objectives:

  • Share innovations and experiences gained during the COVID-19 response to strengthen the safety, functionality and sustainability of health facilities.

What is GPDRR?

  • GPDRR is the main global forum to assess and discuss progress on the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction(2015-2030). 
  • The plateform will focus on how the COVID-19 pandemic has challenged the traditional understanding of risk and disaster risk governance.
  • It will explore how the global crisis can be turned into an opportunity for the necessary radical transformation needed to achieve the goal and targets of the Sendai Framework, as well as of the 2030 Agenda.
  • The outcome of GP2022 was summarised in the co-chairs’ Bali Agenda for Resilience. The takeaways of the document were:
  • There is a need for a whole-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR), ensuring no one is left behind.
  • Discuss the central role of health facilities in managing health risks of emergencies and disasters in health systems and the whole-of-society.
  • Contribute to the knowledge base on managing complex and interconnected risks, such as pandemics and climate related emergencies.

Challenges:

  • Risk understanding remains limited, particularly regarding emerging and future hazards, with government policies largely reactive.
  • A participatory and human rights-based approach in DRR planning and implementation is crucial as people are affected differently by disasters.
  • Current greenhouse gas emission levels far exceed their mitigation, resulting in an increase in frequency and intensity of catastrophic events.
  • The development of multi-hazard early warning systems, inclusive of communities most at risk.

Way Forward:

  • Ecosystems should be considered as critical infrastructure and recognised for their basic services, bringing environmental, socio-economic and cultural benefits.
  • Recovery and reconstruction are most successful when they are community-driven and support existing local structures and resilience-building mechanisms.
  • DRR(Disaster Risk Reduction) must be at the core of development and finance policies, legislation and plans.

Conclusion

  • Third World countries are now fighting to revive their economy after COVID-19. Whole world need to focus on the most vulnerable.The most important message given by GPDRR is: A participatory and human rights-based approach in DRR planning and implementation is crucial as vulnerable people are affected acutely by disasters.

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030:

  • Adopted at the Third UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan, on March 18, 2015.
  • It is the successor agreement to the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005–2015),International accord to date on disaster risk reduction.
  • It applies to the risk of small-scale and large-scale, frequent and infrequent, sudden and slow-onset disasters caused by natural or man-made hazards, as well as related environmental, technological and biological hazards and risks.

The Sendai Framework sets four specific priorities for action:

  1. Understanding disaster risk
  2. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk;
  3. Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience;
  4. Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to "Building Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

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