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Post at: Aug 17 2022

GigaMesh Network Solution

Digital connectivity of villages is no longer an aspiration but the need of the day.With plan to scale the digital activity to more rural parts of India,Department of Telecommunication has signed a contract with a private tech company Astrome to develop a network solution called GigaMesh.
GigaMesh Network Solution

  • This is a network solution that can handle 4G infrastructure congestion difficulties and deliver high-tech and economical internet access.
  • It is world’s first multi-beam E-band Radio that is able to communicate from one tower to multiple towers simultaneously while delivering multi GBPS throughput to each of these towers.
  • Developing by- Astrome, a deep-tech startup.
  • The startup is supported by-AI & Robotics Technology Park (ARTPARK), the Technology Innovation Hub (TIH) at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc).
  • As a pilot mode-Fifteen villages spread across the nation may soon be seamlessly connected though this program.
  • ARTPARK is a not-for-profit foundation promoted by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru to promote technology innovations in artificial intelligence (AI) & Robotics.which aims to chart the future for millimetre wave wireless communication on Earth and in space.

Benefits

  • A single GigaMesh device can provide up to forty links with 2+ Gbps capacity, communicating up to a range of ten kilometres.
  • This flexibility in range makes it suitable for both decongesting the dense urban networks and extending rural coverage.
  • With India’s huge population in the rural segment, Astrome can help improve domestic internet connectivity.

Way Forward

  • The government should invest the resources saved by moving services online, to create a better Rural Digital infrastructure.
  • Internet access and digital literacy are dependent on each other, and creation of digital infrastructure must go hand in hand with the creation of digital skills.
  • Effective implementation and audit of the National Broadband Mission should be carried out.

Government initiatives to Increase Rural Internet Connectivity:
National Broadband Mission(NMB)

  • It was covered under the National Digital Policy 2018,launched on 17 December, 2019.
  • NMB facilitates universal and equitable access to broadband services across the country, especially in rural and remote areas.
  • By providing broadband access to all villages by 2022.

BharatNet Project

  • It was originally launched in October, 2011 as the National Optical Fibre Network(NOFN) and renamed as Bharat-Net in 2015.
  • It is the world’s largest rural broadband connectivity programme using Optical fibre. It is implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL).
  • It seeks to provide connectivity to 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats (GPs) through optical fibre.

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