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Post at: Aug 11 2022

Accessible India Campaign

Why in News?

  • With the deadline of 14 June 2022,Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan) will probably be examined during a meeting of the Central Advisory Board on Disability.
  • In december 2019 ,the campaign extended to march 2020 and further to June 2022.

Accessible India Campaign

  • Launched on International Day of Persons with Disabilities on 3rd December 2015.
  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is the nodal agency.
  • Aim of the Campaign is to make a barrier-free and conducive environment for Divyangjans (Persons with Disabilities - PwDs) all over the country.

Targets entailed under the three components-

  1. Built Environment Accessibility
  2. Transportation System Accessibility
  3. Information and Communication Eco-System Accessibility
  • The original deadlines for various targets under the three heads were between July 2016 and July 2019. 

Some notable targets are-
Under the Built Environment Accessibility-

  • Conducting accessibility audit of at least 25-50 most important government buildings and converting them into fully accessible buildings in the selected 50 cities.
  • Converting 50% of all the government buildings of National Capital and all the State capitals into fully accessible buildings.
  • Conducting audit of 50% of government buildings and converting them into fully accessible buildings in 10 most important cities / towns of all the States.

Under the Transportation System Accessibility

  • Ensuring that 50% of railway stations in the country are converted into fully accessible railway stations Public Transport (Buses).
  • Ensuring that 25% of Government-owned public transport carriers in the country are converted into fully accessible carriers.

Under the Information and Communication Eco-System Accessibility-

  • Conducting accessibility audit of 50% of all government (both Central and State Governments) websites and converting them into fully accessible websites.
  • Ensuring that at least 50% of all public documents issued by the Central Government and the State Governments meet accessibility standards.

How does the Rights for Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act, 2016 relate to the Accessible India Campaign?

  • Rights for Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act, 2016 which came into force from April 2017. 
  • Non-compliance of the provisions of the Act or Rules there under has been made punishable by fines and imprisonment.
  • Thus, the Accessible India Campaign became an instrument to actualize the provisions of the Act.

Key facts

  • Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 designed for non-discrimination in transport and in the built environment.(Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 replaced the PwD Act, 1995)
  • United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) 2006-India is a signatory.
  • UN declared the year from 1981 to 1992 as the years for the person with disabilities.

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