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Post at: Aug 10 2022

Performance Grading Index for Districts (PGI-D)

Recent Context

  • On June 27, 2022, Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L) released the “Performance Grading Index for Districts (PGI-D)” combined report for the year 2018-19 and 2019-20.
  • Department of School Education and Literacy comes under Ministry of Education (MoE) and also the implementing agency.
  • PGI-D report graded 725 districts in 2018-19 and 733 districts in 2019-20 across the States / UTs.

What is PGI-D?

  • The PGI is a tool to provide insights on the status of school education in country.
  • It also provides tools that drive the performance and critical areas for improvement for school level education.

Background

  • Department of School Education and Literacy firstly launched Performance Grading Index (PGI)” for States.
  • It released its report for 2017-18 in year 2019 and for year 2019-20 in year 2021 for States. 

Objective

  • PGI-D assesses the performance of the school education system at the district level by creating an index for comprehensive analysis.

How PGI-D get prepared?
1.    PGI-D comprises of total weightage of 600 points with 83 indicators. These points have been grouped under six categories-
    Learning Outcomes and quality (290 points) , Effective Classroom Transaction (90 points), Infrastructure Facilities & Student’s Entitlements (51 points), School Safety & Child Protection (35 points), Digital Learning (50 points) and Governance Process.
    Digital learning and Effective classroom transaction have been added in the backdrop of the Covid-19 pandemic.
2.    The PGI-D grades the districts into 10 grades.Highest grade is ‘Daksh’ for those districts scoring more than 90% of the total.
3.    It is followed by ‘Utkarsh’ (81% to 90%), ‘Ati Uttam’ (71% to 80%), ‘Uttam’ (61% to 70%), ‘Prachesta-1’ (51% to 60%) and ‘Prachesta-2’ (41% to 50%) and so on.
4.    The lowest grade in PGI-D is ‘Akanshi-3’ which is for scores upto 10% of the total points.
Key Findings of the PGI 2019-20:-
Best Performers:Utkarsh

  • The three districts — Sikar, Jhunjhunu, and Jaipur figured in ‘Utkarsh’ grade in 2019-20 noted that year before when no district featured in that category.
  • Rajasthan has the highest 24 districts in this grade, followed by Punjab (14), Gujarat (13), and Kerala (13).

Lowest Performers:Akanshi-3

  • South Salmara-Mankachar (Assam),  Alirajpur (Madhya Pradesh), North Garo Hills and South Garo Hills in Meghalaya, and Khowai (Tripura).
  • Bihar, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura and Uttarakhand-don’t have a single district in the Ati-Uttam and Uttam category.
  • Progress so far: The number of districts increased from 49 to 86 during 2018-19 to 2019-20 showing “remarkable improvements” under Ati-Uttam category.
  • Digital Learning Category: As compared to 2018-19, 20 districts have shown over 20% improvement while 43 districts bettered their score by over 10% during 2019-20.
  • Infrastructural Facilities: 478 districts improved their score in 2019-20 as compared to 2018-19.

Significance

  • Help the state education departments to identify gaps at the district level and Improve their performance in a decentralised manner. 
  • The indicator-wise PGI score shows the areas where a district needs to improve so can help to make targeted policies.
  • The PGI-D will reflect the relative performance of all the districts in a uniform scale which encourages them to perform better.

Govt Initiatives for Education 

  • PM e-VIDYA: Launched to enable multi-mode access to education.
  • DIKSHA Platform: ‘One nation-one digital platform’ for providing quality e-content in school education.
  • One class-One Channel: Dedicated TV channel per grade for each of the classes 1 to 12.
  • SWAYAM: Integrated platform for online courses for school and higher education.
  • Digitally Accessible Information System: Study material for the differently-abled persons with sign language.
  • Manodarpan Initiative: Provides support related to mental health and emotional wellbeing through a website, a toll-free helpline and chat.
  • National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission: Ensures that every child in the country necessarily attains foundational literacy and numeracy in Grade 3 by 2020.

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