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Post at: Aug 02 2022

Ancovax: Nation’s first animal vaccine against Covid-19

Recent Context

  • On June 9 , 2022, Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare has  launched Animal Vaccine(Ancovax)  and other Diagnostic Kits developed by the ICAR-National Research Centre on Equines, Hisar, Haryana.
  • Ancovax vaccine is nation’s first animal vaccine (Ancovax) against SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Key Highlights
Ancovax: 

  • The Ancovax Vaccine on Equines is an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 Delta (COVID-19) Vaccine for Animals.
    • It contains inactivated SARS-CoV-2 (Delta) antigen capable of neutralizing both Delta and Omicron Variants of SARS-CoV-2.
    • It is safe for dogs, lions, leopards, mice and rabbits.
    • It was developed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research-National Research Centre on Equines (ICAR-NRCE).

CAN-CoV-2 ELISA Kit

  • It is a specific nucleocapsid protein based indirect ELISA Kit for antibody detection against SARS-CoV-2 in Canines.

Surra ELISA Kit 

  • The Surra ELISA Kit is a suitable Diagnostic Assay for Trypanosoma evansi infection in multiple animal species.
    • The Surra is one of the most important haemoprotozoan diseases of the different livestock species caused by Trypanosoma evansi. 
    • The disease is prevalent in all the agro-climatic parts of India.
    • In India, losses to livestock productivity are estimated to be Rs. 44.740 Billion annually due to Surra.

The Equine DNA Parentage Testing Kit

  • It is a powerful genomic technology for parentage analysis.
    • The Parentage among the Horses can be definitely established using Multiplex PCR Technology to compare allele sizes.
    • At ICAR-NRC on Equines, an optimized 21 DNA Market Panel is being used for Parentage testing.

Which are the other animal COVID vaccines?

  • Russia had registered the world’s first COVID-19 vaccine for animals called Carnivac-Cov in March 2021. 
    • The vaccine contains an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 virus strain to elicit humoral and T cell-mediated immune responses when injected into animals. 
    • The vaccine has been developed by Rosselkhoznadzor, or the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance.
    • Vaccine was developed to prevent animal-to-human viral transmission – a potential threat confirmed by the World Health Organisation.

 


 


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