Why in News?
- In May 2022, United Nation launched UN-Energy Plan of Action Towards 2025.
- This plan was launched by UN-Energy in the backdrop of global energy crisis and worsening climate emergency.
What is UN-Energy ?
- UN-Energy is the United Nations’ mechanism for inter-agency collaboration in the field of energy established by the UN System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB).
- It has following aims:-
- To promote coherence in the UN system´s multi-disciplinary response to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG 7).
- To support of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- To support the Paris Agreement on climate change.
- To enhance coordination and collaborative actions within the United Nations with regards to policy development and implementation
- To share knowledge in the area of energy.
- UN-Energy brings together some 30 organisation which are champions in their respective field to cover all aspects of energy and sustainable development.
- UN-Energy organizations are presently working with over 190 countries.
Why it was launched?
- To take a major step by UN towards catalyzing the large-scale action and support needed for the transition to clean, affordable energy for all and net-zero emissions.
- To provide an invaluable guide for collective action on energy across sectors that transcends individual and piecemeal approaches and delivers scaled-up and broad impact.
- UN-Energy will catalyse multi-stakeholder partnerships
- UN-Energy will grow the momentum
- It will lead a global campaign for SDG 7 actions
- It will lead by example: Greening UN-Energy organizations’ operations
- It wil convene annually a Global SDG 7 Action Forum
- UN-Energy will inform the global agenda
- It will inform global agenda-setting and demonstrate thought-leadership
- UN-Energy will track and share results
- It will leverage the power of data, digitalisation and visualisation for strengthening monitoring, tracking, accountability and the communication of results
Milestones to be achieved
- It provides two sets of milestones for 2025 and 2030.
2025 milestones to be achieved
- 500 million more people have gained access to electricity and continue.
- Double annual investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency globally.
- 1 billion more people have gained access to clean cooking solutions.
- No new coal power plans in the pipeline after 2021.
- Annual investment in access to electricity increased to us$ 35 billion and in access to clean cooking increased to us$ 25 billion.
- Fossil fuel consumption subsidies redirected towards renewable energy and energy efficiency.
- 100% increase in modern renewables capacity globally.
- 30 million jobs in renewable energy and energy efficiency.
2030 milestones to be achieved
- Universal access to electricity and clean cooking solutions.
- Phase-out coal power plans within the OECD by 2030 and globally by 2040.
- Triple global renewable power capacity.
- 60 million jobs in renewable energy and energy efficiency.
- Double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
- Universal access to electricity in all healthcare facilities and all schools worldwide.
- Triple annual investment for renewable energy and energy efficiency globally.
- For the 759 million people in the world who lack access to electricity and the 2.6 billion without clean cooking technology, the introduction of clean energy solutions can bring vital services such as improved healthcare, better education and, creating new jobs, livelihoods and sustainable economic value to reduce poverty.