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Post at: Jul 20 2022

Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Bill, 2021

Why in News?

  • On April 21, 2022, the parliament standing committee on science and technology environment, forests and climate change submitted its report on the proposed Wildlife (protection) Amendment Bill, 2021.
  • This bill, further to amend the Wildlife (protection) Act, 1972.

Key Proposal of the Bill

  • The Bill seeks to implement provisions of Convention on International Trade in Endangered species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
  • The Bill provides for the central government to designate a management Authority.
    • The management Authority will grants export - import permits for trade of specimen.
    • Scientific Authority, which gives advice on aspects related to impact on survival of the specimens being traded.
  • Rationalizing Schedules - The bill reduces total number of schedules to four from six.

    Schedule - I covers species for the highest level of protection.
    Schedule - II species that will be subject to lesser degree of protection.
    Schedule - III covers the plants.
    It removes the schedule for vermin species. Vermin refers to small animals that carry diseares and destroy food.
    It inserts a new schedule for specimens listed in Appendices under CITES.

  • Invasive Alien Species-
  • The bill empowers the central government to regulate or prohibit the import, trade, possession, proliferation of invasive alien species.
  • Control of Sanctuaries
  • The chief wildlife warden entrust to control manage and maintain all sanctuaries in a state.
  • Penalties
  • Conservation Reserve - State Govt may declare areas adjacent to national parks and sanctuaries as a conservation reserve.
  • Surrender of Captive animals - Any person to voluntarily surrender any captive animals or animal product.

Need of this Amendment

  • The Amendment is much needed because of the requirement vis-a-vis the CITIES the Current Act does not comply with some of the requirements of CITES.
  • The proposed amendments encourage conducive environment for collaborative research and investment.


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