Why in News?
- On April 21, 2022, the parliament standing committee on science and technology environment, forests and climate change submitted its report on the proposed Wildlife (protection) Amendment Bill, 2021.
- This bill, further to amend the Wildlife (protection) Act, 1972.
Key Proposal of the Bill
- The Bill seeks to implement provisions of Convention on International Trade in Endangered species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
- The Bill provides for the central government to designate a management Authority.
- The management Authority will grants export - import permits for trade of specimen.
- Scientific Authority, which gives advice on aspects related to impact on survival of the specimens being traded.
- Rationalizing Schedules - The bill reduces total number of schedules to four from six.
Schedule - I covers species for the highest level of protection.
Schedule - II species that will be subject to lesser degree of protection.
Schedule - III covers the plants.
It removes the schedule for vermin species. Vermin refers to small animals that carry diseares and destroy food.
It inserts a new schedule for specimens listed in Appendices under CITES.
- Invasive Alien Species-
- The bill empowers the central government to regulate or prohibit the import, trade, possession, proliferation of invasive alien species.
- Control of Sanctuaries
- The chief wildlife warden entrust to control manage and maintain all sanctuaries in a state.
- Conservation Reserve - State Govt may declare areas adjacent to national parks and sanctuaries as a conservation reserve.
- Surrender of Captive animals - Any person to voluntarily surrender any captive animals or animal product.
Need of this Amendment
- The Amendment is much needed because of the requirement vis-a-vis the CITIES the Current Act does not comply with some of the requirements of CITES.
- The proposed amendments encourage conducive environment for collaborative research and investment.