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Post at: Jul 19 2022

The Seoul Forest Declaration

Why in News ?

  • The fifteenth World Forestry Congress was hosted by the Government of the Republic of Korea, in Seoul, from 2 to 6 May, 2022. 
    • The  Participants at the World Forestry Congress endorsed the Seoul Forest Declaration to convey the urgent need for action to achieve a green, healthy and resilient future with forests.

The Seoul Forest Declaration

  • The Seoul Declaration was adopted at the XV World Forestry Congress, held in Seoul, South Korea.

Key Highlights of the Declaration

  • Shared responsibility 
  • Forests transcend political, social and environmental boundaries and are vital for biodiversity and the carbon, water and energy cycles at a planetary scale. 
  • The responsibility over forests should be shared and integrated across institutions, sectors and stakeholders in order to achieve a sustainable future.
  • Restoration of Degraded land 
  • Vast areas of degraded land require restoration. 
  • Investment in forest and landscape restoration globally must be at least tripled by 2030 to implement global commitments and meet internationally agreed goals and targets.
  • Green financing mechanisms
  • There is no healthy economy on an unhealthy planet.
  • Production and consumption need to be sustainable and policies should foster innovative green financing mechanisms to upscale investment in forest conservation, restoration and sustainable use.
  • Emphasis on renewable energy and Bio economy 
  • Wood is one of humanity’s most ancient raw materials but can take us into the future – it is renewable, recyclable and incredibly versatile. 
  • The full potential of legal, sustainably produced wood must be used to transform the building sector, provide renewable energy and innovative new materials, and move towards a circular bio-economy and climate neutrality.
  • Steps to Prevent Future Pandemics:
  • Forest degradation and destruction have serious negative impacts on human health and well-being. 
  • Healthy, productive forest must be maintained to reduce the risk of, and improve responsiveness to, future pandemics and provide other essential benefits for human physical and mental health.
  • Emphasis on Innovative technologies
  • Innovative technologies and mechanisms are emerging for the provision of, and equitable access to,accurate information and knowledge on forests. 

Major Initiatives of India for Forests Conservation

  • National Action Programme to Combat Desertification
  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) in 2006
  • National Mission for a Green India  under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)
  • Integrated Watershed Management Programme was launched in 1989-90
  • The biennial report by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) is an assessment of the country’s forest resources.

Global effort 

  • The Bonn Challenge
  • Great Green Wall: Initiative by Global Environment Facility (GEF)
  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)  was established in 1994

●    Goal 15 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), 2030


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