Why in News ?
- The fifteenth World Forestry Congress was hosted by the Government of the Republic of Korea, in Seoul, from 2 to 6 May, 2022.
- The Participants at the World Forestry Congress endorsed the Seoul Forest Declaration to convey the urgent need for action to achieve a green, healthy and resilient future with forests.
The Seoul Forest Declaration
- The Seoul Declaration was adopted at the XV World Forestry Congress, held in Seoul, South Korea.
Key Highlights of the Declaration
- Shared responsibility
- Forests transcend political, social and environmental boundaries and are vital for biodiversity and the carbon, water and energy cycles at a planetary scale.
- The responsibility over forests should be shared and integrated across institutions, sectors and stakeholders in order to achieve a sustainable future.
- Restoration of Degraded land
- Vast areas of degraded land require restoration.
- Investment in forest and landscape restoration globally must be at least tripled by 2030 to implement global commitments and meet internationally agreed goals and targets.
- Green financing mechanisms
- There is no healthy economy on an unhealthy planet.
- Production and consumption need to be sustainable and policies should foster innovative green financing mechanisms to upscale investment in forest conservation, restoration and sustainable use.
- Emphasis on renewable energy and Bio economy
- Wood is one of humanity’s most ancient raw materials but can take us into the future – it is renewable, recyclable and incredibly versatile.
- The full potential of legal, sustainably produced wood must be used to transform the building sector, provide renewable energy and innovative new materials, and move towards a circular bio-economy and climate neutrality.
- Steps to Prevent Future Pandemics:
- Forest degradation and destruction have serious negative impacts on human health and well-being.
- Healthy, productive forest must be maintained to reduce the risk of, and improve responsiveness to, future pandemics and provide other essential benefits for human physical and mental health.
- Emphasis on Innovative technologies
- Innovative technologies and mechanisms are emerging for the provision of, and equitable access to,accurate information and knowledge on forests.
Major Initiatives of India for Forests Conservation
- National Action Programme to Combat Desertification
- Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) in 2006
- National Mission for a Green India under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)
- Integrated Watershed Management Programme was launched in 1989-90
- The biennial report by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) is an assessment of the country’s forest resources.
- The Bonn Challenge
- Great Green Wall: Initiative by Global Environment Facility (GEF)
- United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) was established in 1994
● Goal 15 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), 2030