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Post at: Jul 09 2022

Drought in Numbers, 2022 report

Why in News ?

  • On 11 May, 2022, “Drought in Numbers, 2022” report was presented  by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). 
  • The theme was - Restoration for readiness and resilience.

About the report 

  • The report was launched at the 15th Conference of Parties (CoP15) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) held in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • The Drought in Numbers report is a collection of data on the effects of droughts on our ecosystem and how they can be mitigated through efficient planning for the future.
  • The report assessment analysed droughts and their impacts on life and livelihood over 122 years covering 196 countries.

Global Scenario

  • According to the report, the number and duration of droughts around the world has increased by an alarming 29% since 2000.
    • Globally, droughts between 1998 and 2017 caused economic losses of approximately $124 billion.
    • If global warming reaches 3°C by 2100, drought losses could be five times higher than today’s levels. 
    • The largest increase in drought losses is projected in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic regions of Europe.

Indian Scenario:

  • Many parts of India fall under the list of regions that are vulnerable to drought globally.
    • India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) reduced by 2 to 5% between 1998 and 2017 due to severe droughts in the country.
  • India’s drought-prone area has increased by 57 per cent since 1997.
  • One-third of India’s districts have faced more than four droughts over the past decade and 50 million people are affected by drought every year.
  • Some 97.85 million hectares — nearly 30 percent of the country’s land — underwent land degradation during 2018-19.
  • Drought impacts India’s dominantly rainfed agriculture that accounts for 60 per cent of the sown area on average.

Steps Taken by The Government:

  • MGNREGA for water conservation
  • Jal Kranti Abhiyan
  • National Water Mission
  • NITI Aayog Composite Water Management Index
  • Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

 


 


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