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Post at: Jun 16 2022

GO 111

Why in News ?

  • In March 2022, Telangana Government has scrapped a 26 year old Government order (GO). 
  • Environmentalists and activists are criticizing the Telangana government for withdrawing an over 25-year-old Government order (GO) 111 protecting the historic Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar reservoirs in Hyderabad.
    • Activists argued that it will destroy the fragile surrounding ecosystem.

About GO 111 order 

  • On 8th March, 1996, the government of erstwhile (undivided) Andhra Pradesh had issued GO 111, prohibiting development or construction works in the catchment area of the Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar lakes up to a radius of 10 km.
  • The GO prohibited the setting up of industries, residential colonies, hotels, etc. which cause pollution.


  • The aim of the restrictions was to protect the catchment area, and to keep the reservoirs pollution-free.
    • The lakes had been supplying water to Hyderabad for nearly 70 years and were the main source of drinking water for the city at the time.

Why has the government withdrawn GO 111?

  • The city no longer depends on these two reservoirs for water supply, and there was no need to continue with the restrictions on development in the catchment radius.
  • Hyderabad’s drinking water requirement has increased to more than 600 Million Gallons per Day (MGD), which is being drawn from other sources including the Krishna river.

Krishna River

  • The Krishna River is the second biggest river in peninsular India after Godavari River.
  • It originates near Mahabaleshwar (Satara) in Maharashtra.
  • It runs from four states Maharashtra (303 km), North Karnataka (480 km) and the rest of its 1300 km journey in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh before it empties into the Bay of Bengal.


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