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Post at: Jun 10 2022

Prime Minister’s visit to Germany, Denmark and France

Recent Context

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi paid an official visit to Germany, Denmark and France on 02-04 May 2022. 
  • PM Narendra Modi’s visit to Germany, Denmark and France sought to “energise” bilateral relations with European majors, Germany and France, besides attending the India-Nordic summit.

India’s visit to Germany

  • Prime Minister Modi visited Germany on the 2nd May during his three-day, three-nation visit to Europe. 
  • Sixth edition of the India-Germany Inter-Governmental Consultations (IGC)
    • India and Germany signed nine agreements during the 6th IGC which will give a new direction to bilateral relations between both countries. Important ones are as follows:
    • Green and Sustainable Development Partnership
    • The first and probably the most important of all JDIs (Joint Declaration of intent) is the Green and Sustainable Development Partnership. 
    • This declaration of intent imparts a long term strategic perspective to the entire development cooperation agenda between India and Germany.
    • Triangular Development Cooperation
    • Second is the JDI on implementation of Triangular Development Cooperation wherein India and Germany will cooperate together in third country projects.
    • Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement
    • This intends to build a direct encrypted connection between MEA and the German Foreign Office.
    • Comprehensive Migration and Mobility Partnership
    • Indo-German Green Hydrogen Task Force  
    • JDI on Agroecology
    • JDI on Forest Landscape Restoration

Rules-based international order 

  • Both Governments underlined the importance of an effective rules-based international order with the United Nations and the fundamental principles of international law as enshrined in Charter of the United Nations at its core, including respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all States. 
  • Both sides agreed to create a biennial Ministerial Mechanism within the framework of the Intergovernmental Consultations (IGC) that will provide high-level political direction to this Partnership.
  • In addition and in the context of the Indo-German Partnership for Green and Sustainable Development, both sides welcomed the progress of existing initiatives including:
    • The Indo-German Energy Forum launched in 2006 and flagship cooperation programs initiated under this partnership.
    • The cooperation within the Indo-German Environment Forum (IGEnvF), which held its last meeting in February 2019 in Delhi. 
    • The Indo-German Partnership on Green Urban Mobility launched in 2019 and the substantive development cooperation portfolio that has been developed.
    • The collaboration between NITI Aayog and BMZ in developing the country’s first SDG Urban Index & Dashboard (2021-22) aimed at strengthening SDG localization at the city level

India Germany Bilateral Relations (important facts)

  • India and Germany have a “Strategic Partnership” since 2001.
  • There is an Inter-Governmental Consulatioans (IGC) at the level of Head of Governments (German Chancellor and PM).
  • There is an Indo-German Parliamentary Friendship Group, in German Bundestag since 1971.
  • Karnataka and Bavaria have Sister State arrangement since 2007. Mumbai and Stuttgart are sister cities since 1968. In January 2015.
  • Germany is India's largest trading partner in Europe.
  • There are about 1.7 lakh Indians and people of Indian origin in Germany.

India’s visit to Denmark

  • On the second day of his visit, the Indian Prime Minister arrived met with his Danish counterpart Mette Frederiksen and discussed bilateral issues including trade between the two countries and cooperation on environmental action.
  • India particularly focused on the three “Ts” in Denmark — trade, technology and talent, the last being a reference to Denmark’s emergence as a big market for India’s human resources.

Government to Government Agreements

  • Declaration of Intent (DoI) on Migration and Mobility
    • Cultural Exchange Programme (CEP) 
    • Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) on Cooperation in the fields of Animal Husbandry and Dairying etc.

Green Strategic Partnership

  • The Green Strategic Partnership, established during the Virtual Summit between the two Prime Ministers in September, 2020, has become a catalyst for enhanced cooperation between India and Denmark.
  • The two Prime Ministers welcomed the concrete progress under the Green Strategic Partnership and reconfirmed their commitment to democratic values, rule of law and respect for human rights on which the Green Strategic Partnership is based.
  • Global Digital Health Partnership 
  • The Danish Prime Minister confirmed Danish accession to the Global Digital Health Partnership on India’s invitation to improve public health and well-being through evidence-based digital technologies.

JDI on Forest Landscape Restoration

  • JDI on Agroecology
  • JDI on Forest Landscape Restoration

India-Denmark Relations

  • The diplomatic relations between India and Denmark, established in September 1949.
  • Bilateral relations were elevated to the level of “Green Strategic Partnership” during theVirtual Summit held on 28 September 2020.
  • Bilateral trade in goods and services between India and Denmark has grown by 78%, from USD 2.8 billion in 2016 to USD 5 billion in 2021.
  • The Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav,is being celebrated with much fervor in Copenhagen.
  • The size of the Indian community in Denmark, inclusive of both NRIs (13,370) and PIOs, (2,750) is approx16,500.

Second India-Nordic summit

  • On the third day of his visit, PM Modi attended the second India-Nordic summit with the Prime Ministers of Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Finland, and Denmark.
  • The Summit provided an opportunity to review the progress of the India-Nordic relations since the 1st India-Nordic Summit, which was held in 2018 in Stockholm.

  • Discussions were held on multilateral cooperation in post-pandemic economic recovery, climate change, sustainable development, innovation, digitalization, and green and clean growth.

India’s visit to France

  • India and France reaffirmed their commitment to deepen India-EU Strategic Partnership and look forward to closely work together in the implementation of the India-EU Connectivity Partnership and the decisions made at the India-EU Leaders’ Meeting in Porto in May 2021.

On Afghanistan

  • Both countries reaffirmed the UNSC Resolution 2593 (2021) and emphasized on Zero tolerance for the use of Afghan territory for spreading terrorism in other parts of the world, and agreed to work together in this regard, including at the UN Security Council.

Strategic cooperation

  • Both sides welcomed the ongoing intense cooperation across all defence domains.
  • Joint exercises (Shakti, Varuna, Desert Knight, Garuda) illustrate efforts towards better integration and interoperability wherever possible.
  • India and France have agreed on setting up a bilateral strategic dialogue on space issues.
  • India invited France to participate in its initiative to make India a Green Hydrogen Hub under its National Hydrogen Mission. 

India-France Bilateral Relations

  • India and France have traditionally close and friendly relations. In 1998, the two countries entered into Strategic Partnership.
  • India and France are founding members of the International Solar Alliance announced by Prime Minister Modi at UN Climate Change COP21 in November 2015.
  • Both the countries enjoy a robust economic partnership with a bilateral trade of USD 7.86 billion (2020-21) and cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) of USD 9.83 billion since April 2000.
  • Over a thousand French businesses are present in India across sectors like defence, IT, consulting, engineering services and heavy industries. Over 150 Indian companies in France employ more than 7,000 people.
  • ISRO’s Venus instrument, VIRAL (Venus Infrared Atmospheric Gases Linker) has been co-developed by Russian and French agencies. 
  • ISRO and CNES are also working together on India’s first crewed space mission, Gaganyaan.

Millitary Exercises

  • Exercise Shakti (Army)
  • Exercise Varuna (Navy)
  • Exercise Garuda (Air Force)
  • Exercise Desert Knight (Air Force)

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