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Post at: May 31 2022

Basava Jayanti 2022

Recent Context

  • On May 3, 2022, the Prime Minister of India  has paid tributes to Jagadguru Basaveshwara on the sacred occasion of Basava Jayanti .
  • Basava Jayanti, the birth anniversary of renowned philosopher Basaveshwara, who founded the Lingayat sect.

About Jagadguru Basavanna

  • Basavanna was a 12th century Kannada poet , philosopher and social reformer during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka, India. 
  • He was the founder of Lingayatism.
  • He spread social awareness through his poetry, known as Vachanaas. 

Contributions

  • Basavanna philosophy was based on the principles of Arivu (true knowledge), Ethos (right conduct), and Anubhava (divine experience), which brought about a social, religious, and economic revolution in the 12th century.
  • He worked towards uplifting the underprivileged classes & women and believed that all humans are equal, irrespective of class, caste, creed, and gender.
  • He  gave  two very important socio-economic principles:

    (1)        Kayaka (Work-Divine work)-  According to this, every individual of society should take up the job of his choice and perform it with all sincerity.
    (2)        “Dasoha” (Distribution-Equal distribution)- There is no discrimination in vocations.

  • Workers (executives) can easily make a living with their hard-earned money. -They should not conserve wealth or property for the future, rather they should use surplus money for the welfare of society and the poor.

Basvanna and Sharana Movement

  • In this movement people from various castes and class wrotes poetry for Vachnass. This actually changed the very poetics of that age.
  • These academicians and philosophers would congregate and share experiences and wisdoms of life.
  • He also founded the Anubhava Mantapa, translated as the forum of experiences, an academy which included Lingayat mystics, saints, and philosophers. 

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