Why in News ?
- The 2020-21 Annual report of the Ministry of Home Affairs proposed to revamp the Civil Registration System (CRS) for enabling the registration of birth and death in real-time with minimum human interface.
Civil Registration System
- Civil registration is the continuous, permanent, compulsory and universal recording of the occurrence and characteristic of vital events (births, deaths, stillbirths).
Civil Registration System in India
- The data generated through a complete and up-to-date Civil Registration System is essential for socio-economic planning.
- The CRS is run by the Registrar general of Indian and is linked with the National Population Register (NPR).
About the report (by the Home Ministry)
- The report highlighted a need to update the NPR, which was first collected in 2010 and was then updated in 2015 with the Aadhar card, mobile numbers and ration card numbers.
- To address the challenges faced by the system in providing prompt service delivery to the public, the Union Government has decided to introduce transformational changes in the Civil Registration System of the country through on IT (information technology) enabled backbone.
- The report suggests that there would be changes in terms of automating the process delivery points so that the service delivery was time - bound, uniform, free from discretion, sustainable, scalable and independent of the location.
- It also proposed amendments to the Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Act, 1969 that will enable it to maintain the deta base of registered birth and eaths at the national level.
- The registration of birth and death is mandatory under the Registration of as Birth and Death Act 1969.
- The Chief Registrar is mandated to publish a statistical report on the registered births and deaths during the year.
- The Registrar general of India is empowered under section 3(3) of the 1969 Act to take steps to coordinate and unify the activities of Chief Registrars of Births and Deaths of all States.
- The Ministry of Home (MHA) report noted that the proportion of total registered births and deaths had witnessed a steady increase over the years.