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Post at: May 26 2022

One Health Pilot Project

Why in news

  • In April 2022, the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying has initiated the launch of one health pilot project in Uttarakhand.
  • The project is being collaborated with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF).

Progress of pilot project

  • Through the use of finance and technology, the "One Health India" programme will collaborate with diverse stakeholders from various sectors to improve human, livestock, environmental, and wildlife health.

Implementation 

  • The implementation of the One Health Support Unit will be led by an inter-ministerial One Health committee, which will be chaired by the Principal Scientific Advisor.

Key Features

  • The execution of the One Health Pilot Project will include six interventions. The interventions will aid in the institutionalisation and operationalization of several important sectors for better cooperation.
  • Institutionalizing the method for data collecting on prevalence, disease outbreaks, management, integration of a network of laboratories, and development of a focused surveillance strategy.
  • According to the proposals, one health committees should be formed at the state and district levels, with representatives from the animal husbandry, health, and environment ministries.

Significance

  • The One Health Pilot Project in Uttarakhand will aid in the development of India's One Health Framework as well as the development of a robust social infrastructure that promotes people's and planet's health.
  • The successful implementation of the pilot will be aided by coordinated involvement among all stakeholders.
  • The One Health Pilot Project will also aid in capacity building and disease prioritising understanding.

Way forward

  • This ongoing pandemic demonstrated the importance of  'One Health' ideas in infectious disease management, particularly attempts to prevent and limit zoonotic illnesses around the world.
  • India needs to expand out this concept throughout the country and form relevant international research alliances.
  • The development of finest recommendations for informal market and slaughterhouse operations (e.g., inspections, disease prevalence assessments) as well as procedures to operationalize 'One Health' at every stage down to the village level are required.
  • The necessity of the hour is to raise awareness and enhance investments in order to reach the 'One Health' targets.

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