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Post at: May 14 2022

Export Preparedness Index 2021

Recent Context

  • NITI Aayog , in partnership with the Institute of Competitiveness,  on 25th March, 2022 released Export Preparedness Index 2021.
  • The Report is comprehensive analysis of India's export achievements.

Highlights of the Index

  • Gujarat has topped the Index, followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka, in the second and third place respectively.
  • This edition has shown that most of the ‘Coastal States’ are the best performers, with Gujarat as the top-performer.
  • There is a high scoring range amongst Indian states on the EPI, where Gujarat has the highest score of 78.86 and Lakshadweep with the lowest score of 2.12.
  • From landlocked states, it is Haryana that emerges as a top performer.
  • Amongst Himalayan states and City-states, Uttarakhand and Delhi are the top-performing states.


  • The Export Preparedness Index (EPI) aims to examine the export performance and the export readiness of the states and union territories.
  • The index entails four pillars, eleven sub pillars and sixty indicators and covers across 28 states and 8 UTs.
  • 4 main pillars—

    (a) Policy: A comprehensive trade policy provides a strategic direction for exports and imports.
    (b) Business Ecosystem: An efficient business ecosystem can help attract investments and create an enabling infrastructure for businesses to grow.
    (c) Export Ecosystem: This pillar aims to assess the business environment, which is specific to exports.
    (d) Export Performance: This is the only output-based pillar and examines the reach of export footprints of states and union territories.

  • 11 sub-pillars
    • Export Promotion Policy; Institutional Framework; Business Environment; Infrastructure; Transport Connectivity; Access to Finance; Export Infrastructure; Trade Support; R&D Infrastructure; Export Diversification; and Growth Orientation.

Goal of EPI

  • The EPI’s primary goal is to instil competition among all Indian states (‘Coastal’, ‘Landlocked’, ‘Himalayan’, and ‘UTs/City-States’) ‘
  • To bring about favourable export-promotion policies,
  • Ease the regulatory framework to prompt subnational export promotion, 
  • Create the necessary infrastructure for exports.
  • Assist in identifying strategic recommendations for improving export competitiveness.
  • It promotes competitive federalism and a fair contest among States/UTs.

UT/City States

Challenges to India’s export promotion

  • Intra and inter-regional differences in export infrastructure;
  • Weak trade support and growth orientation across states; and
  • Lack of R&D infrastructure to promote complex and unique exports.


  • The index can be used by states and union territories (UTs) to benchmark their performance against their peers and analyse potential challenges to develop better policy mechanisms to foster export-led growth at the subnational level.

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