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Post at: May 14 2022

Earth Day: The history and impact of the environmental movement

Recent Context

  • On April 22, 2022, people across the world celebrate Earth Day to show their support for the protection of the earth and the environment.
  • Earth day is believed to be one of the largest civic observances in the world.

What was the impact of the first Earth Day?

  • By the end of 1970, the U.S. had set up the United States Environmental Protection Agency to take care of matters related to environmental protection. 
  • The country also passed several environment-related laws including National Environmental Education Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, and the Clean Air Act.

How did it become a global phenomenon?

  • It was estimated that around 200 million people from over 140 countries would participate in activities on Earth Day in 1990.
  • It also paved the way for the 1992 United Nations Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.
  • In 2020, the world observed the 50th anniversary of Earth Day. 

What is the theme for the 2022 Earth Day?

  • The theme of this year’s Earth Day is “Invest in our planet”. 
  • The focus is on activities that promote a partnership between businesses, governments, and citizens for urgent action towards environmental protection in order to ensure a sustainable future.

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