Why in news
- 23rd march 2022,on the occassion of World Meteorological Day,WMO(World Meteorological Organisation) has decided to present an action plan on Early Warning Systems at the 27th Conference of Parties (CoP) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in November 2022, at Sharm-el-Sheikh, Egypt.
World Meteorological Day theme for 2022:Early warning and early action.
What is an early warning system?
- An Early Warning System for floods, droughts, heat waves, or storms is an integrated system that notifies people when dangerous weather is approaching.
- It provides information on how governments, communities, and individuals may prepare for the imminent consequences.
- These technologies let us to monitor real-time atmospheric conditions on land and at sea, as well as forecast future weather and climate events using sophisticated computer numerical models.
- The goal is to determine what threats anticipated storms may provide to an impacted area, which may vary depending on whether it is a city or a rural area, polar, coastal, or mountainous regions.
According to the UN this whole system includes-
- The WMO Global Multi-hazard Alert System (GMAS) leverages progress in early warnings against tropical cyclones, flooding and coastal inundation.
- The Systematic Observations Financing Facility (SOFF), which was established at COP26 jointly with UNEP and UNDP as a new financing mechanism.
- The Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems Initiative (CREWS) bridges the capacity gap in life-saving early warning systems for vulnerable countries.
Need of this initiative
- According to a 2021 WMO report on disaster statistics, between 1970 and 2019,water-related disaster has occurred on average every day — taking the lives of 115 people and causing $202 million in losses daily.
- The number of lives lost due to these events decreased by a factor of three due to better weather prediction and associated early warning systems.
- The Global Commission on Adaptation flagship report in 2019 had found that just 24 hours warning of a coming storm or heatwave can cut the ensuing damage by 30% and spending $800 million on such systems in developing countries would avoid losses of $3-16 billion per year.
Where does India stands?
- The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has developed cutting-edge instruments for cyclone warning services and proved its potential to deliver high-precision early warning for cyclones.
- The Integrated Flood Warning System for Mumbai, dubbed iFLOWS-MUMBAI, was inaugurated in 2020 by the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences in conjunction with the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. In 2019, a similar system was launched in Chennai.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
- An intergovernmental organization with a membership of 193 Member States and Territories.
- It originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), the roots of which were planted at the 1873 Vienna International Meteorological Congress.
- Established by - WMO Convention on 23 March 1950.
- Specialized agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.
- The Secretariat, headquartered in Geneva.
- Its supreme body is the World Meteorological Congres.