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Post at: Apr 28 2022

Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV)

Why in News

  • On 14 March 2022, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully completed the ground test of the solid - fuel based booster stage (SSI) of its new Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV).

Advantages of SSLV

  • The SSLV was designed to be smaller cheaper, and quickly assembled for commercial launches on demand.
  • The SSLV can place a 500kg. payload at a height of 500km in the Low Earth Orbit (LEO), compared to 1750kg. carried by PSLV.
  • SSLV is a cost - effective launch vehicle with high launch frequency and quick turnaround capability.
  • It is capable of multiple satellite mounting options.
  • It is an innovative vehicle that can be assembled injust 72 hours, instead of 60 days, instead of 600 people it can be done by six people.
  • Unlike the PSLV and GSLV the SSLV can be assembled both vertically and horizontally.
  • SSLV can cater to a market for the launch of small satellites into low earth orbits which has emerged in recent years on account of the need for developing countries, private corporations, and universities for small satellites.
  • It will be an on demand vehicle.

Issues with SSLV launch

  • There is a need for ISRO to create separate launch pad for the SSLV so that quick launches can keep happening.
  • Launch pad at Sriharikota can be used for the other ISRO missions. This will also reduce the turnaround time for SSLV launches.

Way Forward

  • With the Space sector being the domain of the government's department of space, India accounted for less than 2% of the global space market. The development of the SSLV are expected to creates greater synergy between the space sector and private sector.

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