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Post at: Apr 23 2022

Green Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle

Why in news

  • In early march 2022,Toyota Kirloskar Motor INDIA, has unveiled a project to introduce India’s first hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric car named MIRAI.
  • Along with this  Ministry for Road Transport and Highways,inaugurated a pilot project for Hydrogen-based advanced Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV).
  • 'Mirai' in Japanese means 'future'.

More about the project

  • First of its kind project in India which aims to create a Green Hydrogen based ecosystem in the country by creating awareness about the unique utility of Green Hydrogen and FCEV technology.
  • The company has initiated this Pilot project to study and evaluate the world's most advanced FCEV Toyota Mirai which runs on hydrogen, on Indian roads and climatic conditions.
  • The company claims that vehicle is powered by a hydrogen fuel cell battery pack and capable of providing a range up to 650 km in a single charge, with a refueling time of five minutes.

Aim

  • This aims at spreading awareness about Hydrogen, FCEV technology, and disseminating its benefits to support hydrogen-based society for India.

Need of the time

  • FCEV, which is powered by hydrogen is among the best zero-emission solutions and is completely environment-friendly with no tailpipe emissions other than water.
  • Green hydrogen can be generated from renewable energy and abundantly available biomass. 
  • Offers huge opportunities to decarbonise a range of sectors, including road transportation, and is gaining unprecedented momentum globally.

Significance

  • Introduction and adoption of technology to tap into the green hydrogen's potential will play a key role in securing a clean and affordable energy future for India.
  • The pilot project comes as the part of indian government strateg to push greener and cleaner fuel solutions for the country.
  • Beside the battery electric vehicles the govt is also pushing the hydrogen fuel cell as alternative fuel solutions against petrol and diesel.
  • It will offer huge opportunities to decarbonise a range of sectors including road transportation and is gaining unprecedented momentum globally.

What is Fuel Cell?

  • Fuel cells and batteries convert chemical energy into electrical energy and are very useful forms of galvanic cells.
  • A galvanic or voltaic cell is an electrochemical cell that converts chemical energy into electrical energy through the redox reactions that occur within the cell.

What is FCEV?

  • The vehicle uses hydrogen as a source of energy to generate electricity from its fuel cell system, allowing the vehicle to become emission-free.
  • FCEVs use a propulsion system similar to that of electric vehicles, where energy stored as hydrogen is converted to electricity by the fuel cell.
  • Not only does the vehicle emit pure water (H2O) in the process of generating electricity, but it also filters ultrafine dust from the atmosphere when driven.
  • They are more efficient than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles and produce no tailpipe emissions.

Hydrogen as a Fuel

  • Hydrogen fuel is a zero-emission fuel burned with oxygen.
  • It can be used in fuel cells or internal combustion engines. It is also used as a fuel for spacecraft propulsion.
  • It can be stored physically as either a gas or a liquid.Storage of hydrogen as a gas typically requires high-pressure tanks.
  • Storage of hydrogen as a liquid requires cryogenic temperatures because the boiling point of hydrogen at one atmosphere pressure is −252.8°C.

PROS AND CONS of hydrogen as a Fuel-

Way forward-

  • The Indian market needs encouragement for indigenous technologies that are strategic and economic standpoint suited for India.
  • It is difficult to break the old norms and establish new consumer behavior. As a result, a lot of sensitization and education are needed to bust several myths and promote EVs.
  • Subsidizing manufacturing for an electric supply chain will certainly improve India's EV development.
     

 

 


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