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Post at: Apr 16 2022

Freedom In The World 2022 Report

Recent Context

  • In March 2022, the Freedom House has released the ‘Freedom in the World 2022, report.
  • The report placed India as a 'partly free' in terms of democracy and free society.

Key Highlights

  • India scored 66 out of 100 this year. 
  • India had scored 67 in 2021 and 71 in 2020, which is classified as 'free' for year 2020.

What does Report say?

  • As per report , while India is a multiparty democracy, the government has presided over discriminatory policies and a rise in persecution affecting the Muslim population.
  • The constitution guarantees civil liberties including freedom of expression and freedom of religion, but harassment of journalists, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and other government critics has increased significantly. 
  • Muslims, scheduled castes (Dalits), and scheduled tribes (Adivasis) remain economically and socially marginalized.
  • Neighbouring Pakistan and Sri Lanka have scored 37 and 55 points, respectively.
  • Countries with lowest freedom points are South Sudan (which scored 1 out of 100, 'not free'), Somalia, Syria, and Saudi Arabia.

key developments pointed out by the report:

  • In February 2021 , the government introduced new rules that made it easier for authorities to compel social media platforms to remove unlawful content. 
  • Among other removals during the year, Twitter was ordered to take down posts that criticised the government’s handling of the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • The legislation effectively created obstacles to interreligious marriage and came in the context of escalating threats and violence against the Muslim community.
  • A media investigation found in that Pegasus spyware had been detected on smartphones belonging to dozens of leading opposition politicians, activists, businesspeople, and journalists.

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