In March 2022, the Freedom House has released the ‘Freedom in the World 2022, report.
The report placed India as a 'partly free' in terms of democracy and free society.
India scored 66 out of 100 this year.
India had scored 67 in 2021 and 71 in 2020, which is classified as 'free' for year 2020.
What does Report say?
As per report , while India is a multiparty democracy, the government has presided over discriminatory policies and a rise in persecution affecting the Muslim population.
The constitution guarantees civil liberties including freedom of expression and freedom of religion, but harassment of journalists, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and other government critics has increased significantly.
Muslims, scheduled castes (Dalits), and scheduled tribes (Adivasis) remain economically and socially marginalized.
Neighbouring Pakistan and Sri Lanka have scored 37 and 55 points, respectively.
Countries with lowest freedom points are South Sudan (which scored 1 out of 100, 'not free'), Somalia, Syria, and Saudi Arabia.
key developments pointed out by the report:
In February 2021 , the government introduced new rules that made it easier for authorities to compel social media platforms to remove unlawful content.
Among other removals during the year, Twitter was ordered to take down posts that criticised the government’s handling of the Covid-19 pandemic.
The legislation effectively created obstacles to interreligious marriage and came in the context of escalating threats and violence against the Muslim community.
A media investigation found in that Pegasus spyware had been detected on smartphones belonging to dozens of leading opposition politicians, activists, businesspeople, and journalists.